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Juice sends first 'selfies' from space
Shortly after launch on 14 April, ESA's Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer, Juice, captured this image with its Juice monitoring camera 2 (JMC2). JMC2 is located on the top* of the spacecraft and is placed to monitor the multi-stage deployment of the 16 m-long Radar for Icy Moons Exploration (RIME) antenna. RIME is an ice-penetrating radar that will be used to remotely probe the subsurface structure of the large moons of Jupiter. In this image, RIME is seen in stowed configuration. It will be deployed in stages over the coming days.
Juice sends first 'selfies' from space
by Staff Writers
Paris (ESA) Apr 16, 2023

ESA's Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (Juice) has taken its first monitoring camera images showing part of the spacecraft with Earth as a stunning backdrop.

The mission launched on an Ariane 5 from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou on 14 April 14:14 CEST and the images were captured in the hours afterwards.

Juice has two monitoring cameras located on the 'body' of the spacecraft to record various deployments. The images provide 1024 x 1024 pixel snapshots. The images shown here are lightly processed with a preliminary colour adjustment.

A scientific camera will be used for taking high resolution images of Jupiter and its icy moons once in the Jovian system in 2031.

Juice monitoring camera 1 (JMC1) is located on the front of the spacecraft and looks diagonally up into a field of view that sees a part of one of the solar arrays, and will eventually see deployed antennas.

Juice monitoring camera 2 (JMC2) is located on the top of the spacecraft and is placed to monitor the multi-stage deployment of the 16 m-long Radar for Icy Moons Exploration (RIME) antenna. RIME is an ice-penetrating radar that will be used to remotely probe the subsurface structure of the large moons of Jupiter.

RIME is currently in stowed configuration; it will unfold in stages over the coming days. Images will be taken to capture the full deployment.

The monitoring cameras will also be active during various mission operations, including gravity assist flybys of the Moon, Earth and Venus during the cruise to Jupiter.

Europe's JUICE mission blasts off towards Jupiter's icy moons
Kourou (AFP) April 14, 2023 - The European Space Agency's JUICE space probe successfully took off on Friday for a mission to discover whether Jupiter's icy moons are capable of hosting extra-terrestrial life in their vast, hidden oceans.

The launch on an Ariane 5 rocket from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, came after a previous attempt on Thursday was called off due to the risk of lightning.

Despite cloudy skies, the rocket lifted off as planned at 09:14 am local time (1214 GMT) on Friday, as guests including Belgium's King Philippe watched from the Guiana Space Centre.

A little under half an hour later, the uncrewed six-tonne spacecraft separated from the rocket at an altitude of 1,500 kilometres (930 miles), which prompted an outbreak of applause at the centre.

After a few tense minutes, ground control then received the first signal from the spacecraft.

The sense of relief in the room was palpable.

"I was very stressed. That was a rollercoaster!" European Space Agency (ESA) director-general Josef Aschbacher told AFP.

"I'm extremely proud for Europe because JUICE is the biggest mission of the decade and the most complex ever sent to Jupiter," he added.

The spacecraft then successfully unfurled its array of solar panels, which cover a record 85 square metres (915 square feet).

It will need all the energy it can get when it nears Jupiter, where sunlight is 25 times weaker than on Earth.

- 'Off and running' -

"That's it. We're off and running," ESA's JUICE project scientist Olivier Witasse told AFP.

It will be another 17 days before the spacecraft deploys its antennae, and three months before a final performance review, said ESA's Nicolas Altobelli.

"Then we will begin the phase of interplanetary travel," he added.

The Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) will take a long and winding path to the gas giant, which is 628 million kilometres from Earth.

It will use several gravitational boosts along the way, first by doing a fly-by of Earth and the Moon, then by slingshotting around Venus in 2025 before swinging past Earth again in 2029.

When the probe finally enters Jupiter's orbit in July 2031, its 10 scientific instruments will analyse the Solar System's largest planet as well as its three icy moons -- Callisto, Europa and Ganymede.

The moons were first discovered by astronomer Galileo Galilei more than 400 years ago but were long ignored as potential candidates for hosting life.

However, the discovery of huge oceans of liquid water -- the main ingredient for life as we know it -- kilometres beneath their icy shells has made Ganymede and Europa prime candidates to potentially host life in our celestial backyard.

JUICE will turn its sights on Ganymede -- the Solar System's largest moon and the only one that has its own magnetic field, which protects it from radiation.

- 'Extraordinary mission' -

In 2034, JUICE will slide into Ganymede's orbit, the first time a spacecraft will have done so around a moon other than our own.

NASA's Europa Clipper mission, which is scheduled to launch in October 2024, will focus on Ganymede's sibling, Europa.

Neither mission will be able to directly detect the existence of alien life. They instead hope to establish whether the moons have the right conditions to harbour life.

Carole Larigauderie, JUICE project head at French space agency CNES, pointed out that a form of mucus had been found in a lake underneath a glacier in Antarctica, showing that life can survive in such extreme environments.

"If JUICE manages to prove that Ganymede is habitable so that we can go and find out in the future that there is life, that would be fabulous," she said.

The 1.6-billion-euro ($1.75-billion) mission will mark the first time Europe has sent a spacecraft into the outer Solar System, beyond Mars.

"This is an extraordinary mission that shows what Europe is capable of," said CNES head Philippe Baptiste.

Friday marked the second-last launch for the Ariane 5 rocket before it is replaced by the next-generation Ariane 6.

Repeated delays for the Ariane 6, as well as Russia pulling its Soyuz rockets in response to sanctions over the war in Ukraine, have left Europe struggling to find ways to launch its missions into space.

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