. 24/7 Space News .
First Steps to Space: Yuri Gagarin's Military Service Archive Declassified
by Staff Writers
Moscow (Sputnik) Apr 13, 2018

Yuri Gagarin

The newly declassified archival documents were released just in time for Cosmonautics Day, celebrating cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin's historic April 12, 1961 flight aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft.

The archival release includes over a dozen pages of never-before-seen material, starting with an official accounting of Gagarin's military postings and his promotion through the ranks of the Soviet Air Force, from lieutenant in 1957 following his completion of the Chkalov Air Force Pilot's School in Orenburg, to senior lieutenant in 1959, to lieutenant-colonel in 1962 and finally colonel in 1963. The latter are accompanied by the relevant orders to confer the cosmonaut the new ranks.

An interesting document called 'Order of the Commander of the 769th Fighter Regiment From January 16, 1960' by Lieutenant Colonels Babushkin and Ryabov contains recommendations of "first rate officers, outstanding students in military and political training, excellent crewmen, groups and units." 25 year old Senior Lieutenant Gagarin is found in a shortlist of personnel from 3-rd Squadron under Major Reshetov. His name appears again in a 'list of gratitude' "For excellent disposition in the performance of official duties and strong discipline."

A document from July 15, 1960 to K.N. Rudnev, the Chairman of the State Committee on Defense Technology gives insight into the bureaucratic process by which personnel were approved for access to the Soviet Union's top secret space technology. Here, cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin, Alexei Leonov, Gherman Titov, and nearly two dozen others are tapped for familiarization with the Vostok 3 program.

Other documents include Gagarin's profile from his stay at the Air Force Cosmonaut Training Center outside Moscow. The pilot's flight, parachute, and centrifugal training showed that he had "good tolerance" for such exercise. His intelligence is listed as "high," with the officer passing testing with an average of 4.8 points (out of a maximum of five).

In terms of personality, "sociability, optimism, healthy humor" were said to predominate, with the pilot showing appropriate "respect for the collective," as well as a healthy response to constructive criticism.

Overall, the profile stresses that Gagarin was a disciplined, competent, and honest officer. Undoubtedly aware of the fact that he would become world-famous immediately following his flight, the profile adds that Gagarin's physical appearance was "good," with the officer said to be "capable of keeping military secrets" and being "faithful to the cause of the party and his socialist homeland."

The declassified papers also include a copy of the original order from April 12, 1961 by Defense Minister Malinovosky conferring Gagarin the rank of major. The order notes that Gagarin went to space "to be the first to lay humanity's path to space, to undertake an unparalleled heroic feat and to bring eternal glory to our Soviet motherland."

An overnight celebrity after his flight, Gagarin would tour the world to visit with world leaders, famous personalities and ordinary people. The archives show excerpts from several such trips in 1961, showing that Gagarin visited Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Finland, the UK, Poland, Cuba, Brazil and Canada between April and August of that year.

Ever-mindful of the world's reaction to Gagarin's flight, the archival release concludes with a selection of clippings from English-language Pakistani newspapers. In one underlined section, it is said that while "many others from the rest of the world will probe the world of space, deeper and wider...the credit for blazing the trail will go to Russia, the country which pioneered the fantastic achievement."

Following his flight, Gagarin became deputy training director at the Cosmonaut Training Center outside Moscow. During his service there, he helped train countless other space pioneers, including first woman in space Valentina Tereshkova. On March 27, 1968, the MiG-15 UTI trainer flown by Gagarin and flight instructor crashed, killing both men. Gagarin was just 34 when he died. His legacy, however, will surely live on forever.

Source: Sputnik News

Related Links
Space Tourism, Space Transport and Space Exploration News

Thanks for being there;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5+ Billed Monthly

paypal only
SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once

credit card or paypal

Cosmonaut Avdeyev: We Must Survive in Any Situation
Moscow (Sputnik) Apr 13, 2018
Hero of Russia Cosmonaut Sergei Avdeyev speaks about essential skills and aptitudes of future cosmonauts, long-term space exploration trends and why various flat-Earth myths are being revived. Hero of Russia Cosmonaut Sergei Avdeyev, the 74th man in space, has logged a total of 747 days in orbit. This is a record that no other person has achieved in space. It was only by pure chance that Avdeyev joined the Soviet space program. In 1979, he graduated from the National Research Nuclear University ME ... read more

Comment using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Take it from me: I'm not signing up to become a space tourist just yet

'Big ideas' conference steps up funding for 'audacious' projects

First Steps to Space: Yuri Gagarin's Military Service Archive Declassified

Cosmonaut Avdeyev: We Must Survive in Any Situation

Alaska Aerospace Clarifies Commercial Aerospace Plans For Kodiak

NEXT-C Advanced Electric Propulsion Engine Cleared to Begin Production

Boeing HorizonX Invests in Reaction Engines, a UK Hypersonic Propulsion Company

Deep Space Industries to provide Comet satellite propulsion for BlackSky, LeoStella

The Rock Outcrop 'Tome' Continues to Garner Interest On Mars

Trace Gas Orbiter reaches stable Mars orbit, ready to start science mission

Mars impact crater or supervolcano?

Mars Express to get major software update

Flowers on the Moon? China's Chang'e-4 to launch lunar spring

China's 'space dream': A Long March to the moon

China says Earth-bound space lab to offer 'splendid' show

Tiangong-1 expected to burn up on reentering atmosphere

Airbus has shipped SES-12 highly innovative satellite to launch base

Storm hunter launched to International Space Station

SpaceX says Iridium satellite payload deployed

Spacecom selects SSL to build AMOS-8 comsat with advanced capabilities

Latest Updates from NASA on IMAGE Recovery

Large single-crystal graphene could advance scalable 2-D materials

Thin engineered material perfectly redirects and reflects sound

'Everything-repellent' coating could kidproof phones, homes

NASA's new planet-hunter to seek closer, Earth-like worlds

SPHERE Reveals Fascinating Zoo of Discs Around Young Stars

Circumbinary castaways: Short-period binary systems can eject orbiting worlds

A Cosmic Gorilla Effect Could Blind the Detection of Aliens

Juno Provides Infrared Tour of Jupiter's North Pole

Pluto's largest moon, Charon, gets its first official feature names

SSL to provide of critical capabilities for Europa Flyby Mission

Jupiter's turmoil more than skin deep: researchers

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2024 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) Statement Our advertisers use various cookies and the like to deliver the best ad banner available at one time. All network advertising suppliers have GDPR policies (Legitimate Interest) that conform with EU regulations for data collection. By using our websites you consent to cookie based advertising. If you do not agree with this then you must stop using the websites from May 25, 2018. Privacy Statement. Additional information can be found here at About Us.