Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. 24/7 Space News .




SPACE TRAVEL
Estimated Cost of 3 NASA Exploration Programs to Exceed $21 Billion: GAO
by Staff Writers
Chicago IL (Sputnik) Dec 15, 2014


illustration only

Elizabeth Wojt - A trio of National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) human exploration programs will cost over $21 billion, the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) has told Sputnik.

The three human exploration programs include the Space Launch System (SLS) vehicle, the Ground Systems Development and Operations (GSDO), and the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion).

"NASA estimates SLS will cost 9.7 billion through the first flight test in 2018. NASA estimates GDSO will cost 2.8 billion for the same time period. NASA does not yet have official estimates for Orion, but it had a preliminary estimate of 8.5 billion to 10.3 billion to the second flight test," GAO's acting director of the acquisition and sourcing management team, Cristina T. Chaplain, told Sputnik Thursday.

Chaplain stressed that these estimates "only reflect the first stages of development" but added that SLS alone is 9 percent of the annual budget for NASA.

According to Chaplain, NASA has recently committed to a November 2018 launch date for GSDO and SLS with a 70 percent confidence level in that date. NASA has not yet committed to a date for Orion. Delays in meeting launch deadlines are due to funding shortfalls, Chaplain explained.

The GAO representative went on to say that NASA has not made official plans for all three programs, following their scheduled second test flights.

"There are no official missions set beyond the second test flight for all three systems. NASA has a goal of going to Mars in its strategic plan, but no missions or roadmaps have been set," she explained, adding that right now "NASA is focused on building a capability that can undertake a range of future missions that take humans beyond low earth orbit".

According to Chaplain, there is also discussion of an asteroid retrieval mission that could be a helpful step in getting ready for a mission to Mars.

The SLS, GSDO and Orion missions represent NASA's largest exploration investment over the next decade, approaching some $23 billion.

NASA's SLS development aims at designing a flexible program for crew and cargo missions. The GSDO program is meant to transform the Kennedy Space Center in Florida to a launch complex, which will act as a spaceport for both government and commercial vehicles.

NASA's Orion spacecraft is designed to carry astronauts to various destinations, including asteroids and Mars. The Orion completed its first successful flight test on December 5 and was pulled from the Pacific Ocean on December 11, following its splashdown.

Source: Sputnik News

Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once


credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly


paypal only

.


Related Links
NASA
Roscosmos
Space Tourism, Space Transport and Space Exploration News






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





SPACE TRAVEL
NASA Exploration Programs Face Cost, Technical, Scheduling Issues
Chicago IL (Sputnik) Dec 11, 2014
There is a number of problems with a trio of National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) programs to continue human space exploration beyond low-Earth orbit, US Government Accountability Office (GAO) study stated Wednesday. "In 2014, GAO reported on a number of issues, related to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) human exploration programs: the Space Lau ... read more


SPACE TRAVEL
UK Plans to Drill Into Moon, Explore Feasibility of Manned Base

Carnegie Mellon Unveils Lunar Rover "Andy"

Why we should mine the moon

Young Volcanoes on the Moon

SPACE TRAVEL
Mars is a Four-Letter Word

Flash-Memory Reformat Planned

Mars mountain may have arisen from lake sediments: NASA

Curiosity finds clues to how water helped shape Mars

SPACE TRAVEL
NASA parodies 'All about that Bass' to promote space exploration

NASA's New Orion Spacecraft Completes First Spaceflight Test

FinalFlight to Scatter Ashes in the Stratosphere over Australia

NASA Exploration Programs Face Cost, Technical, Scheduling Issues

SPACE TRAVEL
Countdown to China's new space programs begins

China develops new rocket for manned moon mission: media

China's Long March puts satellite in orbit on 200th launch

Service module of China's returned lunar orbiter reaches L2 point

SPACE TRAVEL
Boeing Covers Groundwork in Second Milestone For Commercial Crew

ATV views Space Station as never before

Orbital says it will complete ISS deliveries by end of 2016

OPALS: Light Beams Let Data Rates Soar

SPACE TRAVEL
NASA, SpaceX reschedule next week's ISS resupply launch

Final payload integration begins for O3b Networks' four satellites

ULA signs Orbital Sciences to launch Cygnus cargo mission to ISS

XCOR Presents New Platforms For Suborbital Science at AGU

SPACE TRAVEL
Astronomers spot Pluto-size objects swarming about young sun

Observing Solar System Worlds as if They Were Distant Exoplanets

Finding infant earths and potential life just got easier

Queen's scientist leads study of 'Super-Earth'

SPACE TRAVEL
Airbus Defence and Space signs contract for Microwave Sounder instruments

China developing space-based 3D printing machine

Bioplastic -- greener than ever

BAE Systems to produce prototype counter-radar system




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement All images and articles appearing on Space Media Network have been edited or digitally altered in some way. Any requests to remove copyright material will be acted upon in a timely and appropriate manner. Any attempt to extort money from Space Media Network will be ignored and reported to Australian Law Enforcement Agencies as a potential case of financial fraud involving the use of a telephonic carriage device or postal service.