Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
. 24/7 Space News .

Subscribe to our free daily newsletters

Could the Neolithic Revolution offer evidence of best ways to adapt to climate change?
by Staff Writers
Plymouth UK (SPX) Nov 03, 2017

illustration only

Human behaviour during the last intense period of global warming might offer an insight into how best to adapt to current climate change, a study suggests.

Research led by the University of Plymouth shows that between 10,000 and 15,000 years ago, a major shift in climatic conditions led to the planet becoming significantly warmer and wetter.

This led to a range of responses from, and consequences for, people living at the time both including staggered population increases and effects on crops.

Scientists have now examined archaeological and environmental data from the period, and believe we could potentially learn from past human experiences.

Published in Quaternary Science Reviews, the research was led by Neil Roberts, Professor of Physical Geography at the University of Plymouth, alongside colleagues from University College London and the University of Liverpool.

Professor Roberts said: "The world we see today is obviously very different to how it was 15,000 years ago, but there are certain similarities. The shift to a warmer climate, for example, was not gradual but included two very rapid step jumps separated by a reversal, a pattern very similar to that currently found in the North Atlantic. This led to a variety of human responses and understanding those, and how fast the earth's climate changed, could provide us with vital information as to the best way to respond now."

For the research, scientists focussed on an area of south west Asia bordering the eastern end of the Mediterranean, widely considered to be the birthplace of modern farming and aspects of village life.

By examining records of past climate and vegetation from caves, lakes and archaeological sites, they discovered that the climate of the region changed from being cold and dry to significantly warmer and wetter. As the climate warmed the population increased, but this trend began earlier in some areas than others even though the climatic warming occurred at the same time everywhere.

In areas where socio-ecological continuity was maintained through periods of adverse climate, human communities were able to respond rapidly to subsequent climatic improvement. By contrast, in areas where there was a break in settlement at these times, populations were slower to react to the new opportunities provided by the interglacial world.

Professor Roberts added: "This region is significant because it is where the world's first farming began, the so-called Neolithic Revolution. It has long been suspected that the domestication of plants and animals, and the beginnings of settled village life, were a response to the change in climate.

"This research suggests that people perhaps realised the benefits of such agricultural continuity during the period of climate change, and provides an interesting glimpse into the most beneficial ways we might respond now and in the future."

Research paper

New study finds nature is vital to beating climate change
Washington DC (SPX) Oct 26, 2017
emissions can be reduced and stored in forests, farmland, grasslands and wetlands using natural climate solutions. The peer-reviewed study, led by scientists from The Nature Conservancy and 15 other institutions , and published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, expanded and refined the scope of land-based climate solutions previously assessed by the United Nat ... read more

Related Links
University of Plymouth
Climate Science News - Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once

credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly

paypal only

Comment using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Pope asks spacemen life's big questions in ISS live chat

Plants and psychological well-being in space

Spacewalkers fix robotic arm in time to grab next cargo ship

NASA develops and tests new housing for in-orbit science payloads

Thruster for Mars mission breaks records

Draper and Sierra Nevada Corporation announce new agreement for space missions

Aerojet Rocketdyne breaks ground on advanced manufacturing center in Huntsville

New solid rocket motor development facility completed at Spaceport America

Mars Rover Mission Progresses Toward Resumed Drilling

Solar eruptions could electrify Martian moons

MAVEN finds Mars has a twisted tail

Mine craft for Mars

Space will see Communist loyalty: Chinese astronaut

China launches three satellites

Mars probe to carry 13 types of payload on 2020 mission

UN official commends China's role in space cooperation

Myanmar to launch own satellite system-2 in 2019: vice president

Eutelsat's Airbus-built full electric EUTELSAT 172B satellite reaches geostationary orbit

Turkey, Russia to Enhance Cooperation in the Field of Space Technologies

SpaceX launches 10 satellites for Iridium mobile network

Liquids take a shine to terahertz radiation

Voltage-driven liquid metal fractals

Nanoscale textures make glass invisible

Discovery of a new structure family of oxide-ion conductors SrYbInO4

Scientists discover new type of deep-sea hunting called kleptopredation

Comet mission reveals 'missing link' in our understanding of planet formation

Astronomers discover sunscreen snow falling on hot exoplanet

Marine microbes living beneath seabed resort to cannibalism

Haumea, the most peculiar of Pluto companions, has a ring around it

Ring around a dwarf planet detected

Helicopter test for Jupiter icy moons radar

Solving the Mystery of Pluto's Giant Blades of Ice

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement