. 24/7 Space News .
The first humans in space
by Staff Writers for Launchspace
Bethesda, MD (SPX) Oct 04, 2019

Yuri Gagarin

The first human to fly in space was Yuri Gagarin, a Russian cosmonaut who was born on March 9, 1934, near Moscow, Russia. He flew aboard the Vostok spacecraft in April 1961 and orbited the Earth once on this 108-minute historic flight. Unfortunately, Gagarin was killed in a plane crash in 1968.

The second human to enter space was Alan Shepard, an American astronaut who was born on November 18, 1923, in New Hampshire. In May 1961, Shepard became the first American astronaut in space when he flew a suborbital trajectory aboard Mercury 3. The spacecraft reached an altitude of 116 miles during his 15-minute flight.

Later, in 1971, Shepard commanded Apollo 14 and, along with Ed Mitchell, walked on the surface of the moon for 9 hours. The third human in space was Gus Grissom, an American astronaut born on April 3, 1926, in Indiana. He became an astronaut in 1959 and was one of the original seven Mercury astronauts.

In July 1961, Grissom flew aboard Mercury 4 and became the second American to make a sub-orbital flight that lasted for 16 minutes. In 1965, Grissom piloted the first maneuverable spacecraft aboard Gemini 3. Sadly, Grissom was one of three astronauts to be killed during a training exercise in the Apollo 1 fire in 1967.

It wasn't until 1963 that a woman flew in space. Valentina Tereshkova was born on March 6, 1937, in Masslenikovo, Russia. She became a cosmonaut in 1961 and in June 1963, Tereshkova flew aboard Vostok 6. She spent three days in orbit that included a television broadcast to the Soviet Union. Sally Ride, the first American woman to fly in space, was born in California in 1951. She gave up a career as a professional tennis player to study astrophysics and later joined NASA's astronaut training program. It wasn't until June of 1983 that she served as a crew member on Space Shuttle Challenger flight, STS-7. She flew on Challenger again in 1984.

All of the early space flights were in low Earth orbits. It wasn't until the Apollo Program that humans left the vicinity of Earth and headed for the Moon. On Apollo-Saturn 8, three astronauts flew to the far side of the Moon. Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders, three American astronauts, made 10 orbits around the Moon and returned safely to Earth. This flight began on December 21, 1968 and spent Christmas circling the Moon.

Finally, on Apollo 11, in July 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked on the lunar surface. These two men remained on the surface for 20, including a two-hour moonwalk. The last two men to walk on the Moon were Gene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt in December 1972. No humans have ventured beyond near-Earth orbit over 46 years. This July will mark the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11. Who will be the next to venture far from Earth?

Related Links
Space Tourism, Space Transport and Space Exploration News

Thanks for being there;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5+ Billed Monthly

paypal only
SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once

credit card or paypal

Per Aspera Ad Astra
Los Angeles CA (SPX) Sep 21, 2019
I have always known what the phrase "Per Aspera Ad Astra" meant, and in my work in the Aerospace arena, I have come to appreciate its significance. And so, any film that would attempt a title as such has to live up to my expectations and Ad Astra the movie does. Actor Brad Pitt and the cast masterfully demonstrate what a near-future voyage to the Moon, Mars and outer solar system might feel and sound like, as well as what some hypothetical political sensitivities might entail. A key ob ... read more

Comment using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

First Arab on ISS set for Earth return

Japan's Kounotori Spaceship Attached to Station

NASA, Roscosmos in talks on more Soyuz seats

NASA, Boeing, SpaceX closing in on return to human spaceflight for US

SLS Rocket Pathfinders Prepare Teams for One-of-a-Kind Hardware Prior to Moon Mission

New US spacecraft to conduct first manned flights to ISS in 2020 says Roscosmos Chief

Musk's SpaceX unveils new Starship for private trips in space, then moon

Space Launch System mock up arrives at Kennedy for testing

Far out: Bosnian village tickled to share name with Mars crater

InSight 'hears' peculiar sounds on Mars

Trump marks Mars as next target, Moon 'not so exciting'

Carbon Dioxide Conversion Challenge could help human explorers live on Mars

China's KZ-1A rocket launches two satellites

China's newly launched communication satellite suffers abnormality

China launches first private rocket capable of carrying satellites

Chinese scientists say goodbye to Tiangong-2

Playmobil go above and beyond with ESA's Luca Parmitano

NewSpace will eliminate sun-synchronous orbits

Australian Government commits to join NASA in Lunar exploration and beyond

First launch of UK's OneWeb satellites from Baikonur planned for Dec 19

ESA selects AdaCore's qualified multitasking solution for spacecraft software development

Astroscale and Southampton jointly advance business case for active debris removal services

Scientists develop unique orbital cleaner

Canada, US seek to reduce dependency on China for rare earth minerals

Many gas giant exoplanets waiting to be discovered

Giant exoplanet around tiny star challenges understanding of how planets form

Life's building blocks may have formed in interstellar clouds

A planet that should not exist

NASA's Juno prepares to jump Jupiter's shadow

Huge Volcano on Jupiter's Moon Io Erupts on Regular Schedule

Stony-iron meteoroid caused August impact flash at Jupiter

Storms on Jupiter are disturbing the planet's colorful belts

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2024 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) Statement Our advertisers use various cookies and the like to deliver the best ad banner available at one time. All network advertising suppliers have GDPR policies (Legitimate Interest) that conform with EU regulations for data collection. By using our websites you consent to cookie based advertising. If you do not agree with this then you must stop using the websites from May 25, 2018. Privacy Statement. Additional information can be found here at About Us.