Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. 24/7 Space News .

Same-beam VLBI Tech monitors Chang'E-3 movement on moon
by Staff Writers
Shanghai, China (SPX) Aug 27, 2014

DPD of BJ-KM, BJ-UR, KM-UR three baselines observation data on Dec. 14. Image courtesy Science China Press.

By using the same-beam VLBI technology, differential phase delay successfully monitored the lunar rover's movement during the Chang'E-3 mission when rover and lander was carrying out the tasks of separation and took photos of each other.

The sensitivity of rover motion monitoring was between 50-100mm.Furthermore, relative position between rover and lander was precisely measured by taking the use of the DPD's changing trend. Professor LIU Qing hui and his student ZHENG Xin from the Shanghai Astronomical of observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, obtained this result when the rover "yutu" was working on the lunar surface.

Their work, entitled "motion monitoring and analysis of Chang'E-3 rover based on same-beam VLBI technology differential phase delay", was published in SCIENCE CHINA physics mechanics &astronomy.2014, Vol 44(8).

Chang'E-3 had a successful soft landing on the lunar surface on December 14, 2013. Several hours later, the rover and lander began to separate and take photos for each other. During the whole process, the rover and lander kept transmitting X band signals to earth.

Our research devoted to make use of same-beam VLBI technology to collect the correlation phase of the middle frequency points and calculate the differential phase delay which obtains cycle ambiguity. As the lander did not move on the lunar surface, the changes of differential phase delay mainly reflected the movement of the rover and the relative movement between earth and moon.

The article's innovation lay in utilizing the high-sensitivity differential phase delay to observe its changes and analyze the movement of the rover according to the changes. Figure 1 and 2 were the differential phase delays of December 14 and 15. When the rover ran on the moon, differential phase delay correspondingly became larger or smaller quickly. When the rover took a turn, differential phase delay changed like a trajectory. Translation process was similar to running.

Differential phase delay shook when elevation changed. During the rover wriggled on the lunar surface, differential phase delay rocked back and forth. In a word, as the rover gets any movement on the lunar surface, differential phase delay would also change immediately.

The changing rates of differential phase delay are different because the baseline lengths are different. The distance between rover and lander changes, the trends of differential phase delay would also change.

The research will also play an important role in multi-target mission, such as the three period of exploration of the moon, Mars probe and Venus probe.

Zheng X, Liu Q H, Wu Y J, et al. Motion monitoring and analysis of Chang'E-3 rover based on same-beam VLBI differential phase delay ( in Chinese). Sci Sin-Phys Mech Astron, 2014, 44: 872-878, doi: 10.1360/SSPMA2014-00032


Related Links
Shanghai Astronomical of observatory
The Chinese Space Program - News, Policy and Technology
China News from

Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

China Sends Remote-Sensing Satellite into Orbit
Moscow (RIA Novosti) Aug 12, 2014
China on Saturday successfully launched a Long March 4C carrier rocket with the Yaogan XX satellite, Xinhua news agency reported. The carrier lifted off at 1:45 p.m. local time (05:45 GMT) from the launch pad at Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in the country's northwestern Gobi desert. The satellite is expected "to conduct scientific experiments, carry out land surveys, monitor crop ... read more

China Aims for the Moon, Plans to Bring Back Lunar Soil

Electric Sparks May Alter Evolution of Lunar Soil

China to test recoverable moon orbiter

China to send orbiter to moon and back

Scientist uncovers red planet's climate history in unique meteorite

Opportunity Mars Rover Suffers a Series of Resets

A Salty, Martian Meteorite Offers Clues to Habitability

Mars Rover Team Chooses Not to Drill 'Bonanza King'

US to Stop Using Soyuz Spacecraft, Invest in Domestic Private Space Industry

25 Years After Neptune: Reflections on Voyager

Long-term spaceflights challenged as harm to astronauts' health revealed

Voyager Map Details Neptune's Strange Moon Triton

Same-beam VLBI Tech monitors Chang'E-3 movement on moon

China Sends Remote-Sensing Satellite into Orbit

More Tasks for China's Moon Mission

China's Circumlunar Spacecraft Unmasked

NASA Awaits Boeing's Completion of Soyuz Replacement

Belka and Strelka, the canine cosmonauts

Russian Cosmonauts Conclude EVA Ahead of Schedule

Orbital cargo ship makes planned re-entry to Earth

Sea Launch Takes Proactive Steps to Address Manifest Gap

SpaceX rocket explodes during test flight

Russian Cosmonauts Carry Out Science-Oriented Spacewalk Outside ISS

Optus 10 delivered to French Guiana for Ariane 5 Sept launch

Orion Rocks! Pebble-Size Particles May Jump-Start Planet Formation

Rotation of Planets Influences Habitability

Planet-like object may have spent its youth as hot as a star

Young binary star system may form planets with weird and wild orbits

New EIAST Primary Sat Fab Facilities Ready Soon

Photon speedway puts big data in the fast lane

The fluorescent fingerprint of plastics

Atoms to Product: Aiming to Make Nanoscale Benefits Life-sized

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement All images and articles appearing on Space Media Network have been edited or digitally altered in some way. Any requests to remove copyright material will be acted upon in a timely and appropriate manner. Any attempt to extort money from Space Media Network will be ignored and reported to Australian Law Enforcement Agencies as a potential case of financial fraud involving the use of a telephonic carriage device or postal service.