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Brazil says Norsk Hydro lacked waste license for stalled plant
by Staff Writers
Bras�lia (AFP) Oct 4, 2018

Brazilian authorities said Thursday that Norwegian aluminum group Norsk Hydro failed to apply for a license to operate a new waste deposit at its key Alunorte alumina plant, the world's biggest and now suspended as a result.

The company on Wednesday announced it had to stop production at the facility, located near the city of Belem in Brazil's northwest. The news sent Norsk Hydro's share price tumbling.

The Norwegian group has been under close scrutiny by Brazil.

Earlier this year, Brazil accused it of contaminating the waters of the nearby Baracena municipality with bauxite residues suspected to have overflowed from a deposit basin after heavy rain.

Norsk Hydro denied any toxic spill took place, but Brazilian authorities ordered production be halved.

The Alunorte plant, 92 percent owned by Norsk Hydro, produces around 10 percent of global alumina production, excluding that from China. The global price for aluminum, which is made from alumina, has already risen as a consequence.

Temporarily closing the plant will weigh on Norsk Hydro's results, which were already suffering from the months of setbacks with Brazilian officials.

In a statement Thursday, Brazilian prosecutors said that Norsk Hydro should have known to apply for a license for the new waste deposit.

"If Hydro Alunorte knew that the useful life of its first waste deposit, called DRS1, was coming to an end, it should have scheduled the license application for the second deposit, called DRS2," the statement said.

It said that situation "required Alunorte to take the responsible decision to temporarily close 100 percent of its operations."

The prosecutors stressed that a valid license for waste deposits was a requirement under Brazilian environmental laws, "which provide for no exception for any company."

Alumina, also known as aluminum oxide, is extracted from bauxite ore mined in Brazil and other tropical regions.



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Scientists solve the golden puzzle of calaverite
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Oct 01, 2018
Scientists from Russia and Germany shed light on the crystalline structure of calaverite, foretelling the existence of a new gold compound previously unknown to chemists. The results of their study were published in the reputable scientific journal PNAS. A gold tellurite with the chemical formula AuTe2, calaverite may not only be a source of gold, but displays highly incommensurate modulation in the positions of gold and tellurium atoms in its crystals. This means that calaverite's crystal l ... read more

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