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NUKEWARS
UN Security Council weighs new sanctions on North Korea
By Carole LANDRY
United Nations, United States (AFP) May 16, 2017


US would talk to N. Korea if missile, nuclear tests stop: Haley
United Nations, United States (AFP) May 16, 2017 - The United States would consider talks with North Korea if it halts all nuclear and ballistic missile tests, Washington's envoy to the United Nations said Tuesday as the UN Security Council weighed new sanctions on Pyongyang.

"We are willing to talk, but not until we see a total stop of the nuclear process and of any test there," the US envoy, Nikki Haley, told reporters ahead of a closed-door Security Council meeting.

Washington and Beijing -- the North's sole diplomatic and military ally -- are working on a new Council resolution targeting Pyongyang, she added.

"That's what we are working on now. We don't have it done yet," she said.

"Absolutely, sanctions is something that we are looking at and we are going to continue to see where that takes us."

On Sunday, North Korea launched what appeared to be the longest-range missile it has ever successfully tested, sparking global alarm.

Pyongyang said the missile, the Hwasong-12, was capable of carrying a "heavy nuclear warhead."

The missile, launched on an unusually high trajectory, flew to an altitude of 2,111.5 kilometers (1,312 miles) and travelled 787 kilometers before landing in the Sea of Japan (East Sea).

That suggests a range of 4,500 kilometers (2,800 miles) or more if flown for maximum distance, analysts said.

The UN Security Council met behind closed doors on Tuesday to discuss a new raft of measures, including sanctions, aimed at piling pressure on North Korea after it fired its latest ballistic missile.

US Ambassador Nikki Haley said the United States was working with China, Pyongyang's main ally, on a new sanctions resolution and that all UN member-states would step up action against North Korea.

"We all have to send a sign to North Korea, and that is 'no more. This is not play time. This is serious. These threats are not welcome,'" Haley told reporters ahead of the council meeting.

The US envoy also held out the prospect of direct talks with North Korea if Pyongyang puts an end to missile launches and nuclear tests.

"We are willing to talk but not until we see a total stop of the nuclear process and of any test there," she said.

North Korea on Sunday launched what appeared to be its longest-range ballistic missile yet, saying it was capable of carrying a "heavy nuclear warhead" in a test aimed at bringing the US mainland within reach.

The United States, Japan and South Korea called the emergency meeting in response to the missile test and to press international demands that North Korea change course and dismantle its missile and nuclear programs.

No draft resolution has been circulated to the 15 council members, but the United States is in talks with China on a possible new sanctions resolution that would ratchet up the pressure on Pyongyang.

"That's what we are working on now. We don't have it done yet," Haley said.

"Absolutely, sanctions (are) something that we are looking at and we are going to continue to see where that takes us."

- Sanctions not an end -

Pyongyang has carried out two atomic tests and dozens of missile launches since the beginning of last year in its quest to develop a missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to the continental United States.

In a unanimous statement backed by China, the council on Monday strongly condemned the missile test and agreed to take further significant measures, including sanctions.

Among the possible measures would be an oil embargo, trade bans and targeted sanctions on North Korean individuals and companies, but these hinge on China's willingness to apply such measures.

"Sanctions are not an end to themselves, that is true, but sanctions are one of the best ways that we have to demonstrate in a united way the determination of the Security Council to press the regime in Pyongyang to change its approach," British Ambassador Matthew Rycroft told reporters.

North Korea was also under scrutiny by investigators looking for the source of a major cyberattack affecting more than 150 countries, but the European police agency said it was still too early to determine who was behind the chaos.

Under UN resolutions, North Korea is barred from developing nuclear and missile technology and the council has repeatedly described Pyongyang's actions as provocative and a threat to global peace.

The Security Council adopted two sanctions resolutions last year to ramp up pressure on Pyongyang and deny leader Kim Jong-Un the hard currency needed to fund his military programs.

In all, six sets of sanctions have been imposed on North Korea since it first tested an atomic device in 2006.

UN sanctions monitors have told the council that North Korea has been successful in evading sanctions, by using front companies in China and in Malaysia along with middlemen in other countries.

- Successful launch -

In Washington, A US defense official told AFP the missile fired on Sunday appeared to be a liquid-fueled KN-17, marking what appeared to be the most successful launch of such a device.

"It's the furthest we've seen one fly," the official said, adding that military experts were assessing the missile's re-entry capabilities.

But the Pentagon is skeptical whether Pyongyang has mastered the re-entry technology needed to ensure it survives returning into Earth's atmosphere.

Kim has repeatedly stated he wants to develop an ICBM, and this year said Pyongyang is in the "final stages" of doing so.

Sunday's rocket, which Pyongyang dubbed the Hwasong-12, could prove to be a more reliable alternative to the Musudan and marks a significant milestone as in its development of an ICBM that could ultimately be tipped with a nuclear warhead, experts said.

The launch represented a "significant success," Bruce Klingner, a senior research fellow at the Heritage Foundation think tank, told AFP.

NUKEWARS
UN Security Council vows sanctions over N. Korea missile test
United Nations, United States (AFP) May 16, 2017
The UN Security Council has strongly condemned North Korea's latest ballistic missile test and vowed strong measures, including sanctions, to derail Pyongyang's nuclear weapons programme. North Korea's long-term bid to develop a credible nuclear attack threat to the US mainland saw it launch Sunday what appeared to be its longest-range missile yet. Pyongyang said the new weapon - called ... read more

Related Links
Learn about nuclear weapons doctrine and defense at SpaceWar.com
Learn about missile defense at SpaceWar.com
All about missiles at SpaceWar.com
Learn about the Superpowers of the 21st Century at SpaceWar.com

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