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NANO TECH
Researchers reveal the effect of nano-diamond on magnetorheological fluids
by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 02, 2017


As the fragmented nano-diamond had a high hardness, the MRF on the surface of the ball during friction was not stable. Moreover, as the duration and the role of the load increased, pit and debris appeared on the ball surface. As the nano-diamond was lower-sized, additional nano-diamond and debris went into the pit and continued to further polish the surface, whereas the depth and diameter of the wear spot became higher. The steel balls rotation produced higher friction and the four-ball test machine detected a higher friction coefficient; consequently, the friction coefficient curve produced a peak. The wall shape change affected the magnetic field strength distribution, whereas the researchers discovered that the deeper groove with the higher the magnetic field strength. At this time, the ferromagnetic particles became a longer solid chain and because the wall was no longer smooth, the friction between the magnetic chain and the wall became higher. This led in the exhibition of a high shear yield strength.

Chinese researchers have found that nano-diamond has significant impact on the performance of magnetorheological fluids (MRFs). The shear yield strength and settling stability of the MRFs were found to have potential to be highly enhanced through the process. The higher the strength of the magnetic field, the higher the difference in the shear yield strength.

In order to analyze the effects of nano-diamond on the performance of MRFs, the MRF-1 with a 2% mass fraction in nano-diamond and the MRF-2 without nano-diamond were prepared with the carbonyl iron powder in the dispersed phase and the synthetic mineral oil in the continuous phase. The viscosity and shear stress of MRFs under different magnetic fields were measured by the Anton-Paar rheometer (MCR 302).

The MRF settling stability was studied by a standing observation method. A four-ball wear machine was utilized for the wear test at 0.1 T of magnetic field, whereas the magnetic field was provided by an external coil. Also, the three-dimensional white light interferometer was utilized to observe the surface of the ball wear spot, in order to determine the MRF friction properties.

The results demonstrated that the nano-diamond had a significant increase in surface wear. Both the shear yield strength and settling stability of the MRF could be highly enhanced.

The MRF preparation method containing the nano-diamond was simple and low cost, while apparently improved the settling stability of the MRF application and significantly increased the shear yield strength.

This method broke the traditional bottleneck of MRFs and had important significance, but the device wear was more acute. Therefore, the MRF needs to be further improved. The research team is currently exploring preparation of high performance MRF.

Research paper

NANO TECH
New technique produces tunable, nanoporous materials
Chicago IL (SPX) Oct 30, 2017
A collaborative group of researchers including Petr Kral, professor of chemistry at the University of Illinois at Chicago, describe a new technique for creating novel nanoporous materials with unique properties that can be used to filter molecules or light. They describe their research in the journal Science. Nanoparticles are tiny particles made up of a central solid core to which molecul ... read more

Related Links
World Scientific
Nano Technology News From SpaceMart.com
Computer Chip Architecture, Technology and Manufacture


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