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Copenhagen, Denmark (SPX) Mar 06, 2014
Seventy-five per cent of antibiotics in Danish fish farms is used to treat fish with enteric redmouth disease. With the help of 3D scans, researchers at the University of Copenhagen have mapped how the fish are infected with the bacterium. The findings were recently published in the scientific publication PLOS ONE.
"The new scans show us that the fish are infected through their ultra-thin gills," explains postdoc Maki Otani, the Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences.
Educated in Japan, Maki Otani has supervised the scanning process, where advanced technology and precision combine to form a higher synthesis. For this reason, the research group can now map with extreme precision the bacterial infection (Yersinia ruckeri) causing enteric redmouth disease in fish.
The disease, which reduces fish well being and increases fish mortality in Danish fish farms, is harmless to humans.
The infection pathway
As little as 60 seconds after the bacterium is introduced into the aquaculture, its presence can be registered in the fish's bloodstream. The bacterium subsequently infects the fish via its intestine and the lateral line canal- a sensory apparatus running along both sides of the body.
Rare 3D scanner
"The research findings are presumably the first of their kind and the scanning images exceed our wildest dreams," explains associate professor Martin Raida, the Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, who is heading the project.
Among other things, he is conducting research in developing vaccines. The Danish fish production industry currently vaccinates its fish, also against enteric redmouth disease, but to date this has not solved the problem.
Martin Raida hopes that the new knowledge can contribute to the development of a more effective vaccine against enteric redmouth disease. This will contribute to bring down the amount of antibiotics used and thus reduce the burden on the environment.
University of Copenhagen
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