Directed Energy And Next Generation Munitions - 20-22 June - Washington DC

Space News from
May 30, 2016
International Partners Provide Science Satellites for first SLS mission
Washington DC (SPX) May 30, 2016 - NASA's new Space Launch System (SLS) will launch America into a new era of exploration to destinations beyond Earth's orbit. On its first flight, NASA will demonstrate the rocket's heavy-lift capability and send an uncrewed Orion spacecraft into deep space. The agency will also take advantage of additional available mass and space to provide the rare opportunity to send more than a dozen small s ... more

Planetary Resources raises $21 for Earth Observation platform
Redmond WA (SPX) May 30, 2016 - Planetary Resources has announced that it has secured US$21.1 million in Series A funding. The capital will be used to deploy and operate Ceres, an advanced Earth observation business that features the first commercial infrared and hyperspectral sensor platform to better understand and manage humanity's natural resources. The funding was led by Bryan Johnson and the OS FUND; and joined by ... more

40-year math mystery and 4 generations of figuring
Atlanta GA (SPX) May 30, 2016 - This may sound like a familiar kind of riddle: How many brilliant mathematicians does it take to come up with and prove the Kelmans-Seymour Conjecture? But the answer is no joke, because arriving at it took mental toil that spanned four decades until this year, when mathematicians at the Georgia Institute of Technology finally announced a proof of that conjecture in Graph Theory. Their res ... more

Supermassive black hole wind can stop new stars from forming
San Francisco CA (SPX) May 30, 2016 - Scientists have uncovered a new class of galaxies with supermassive black hole winds that are energetic enough to suppress future star formation. Devoid of fresh young stars, red and dead galaxies make up a large fraction of galaxies in our nearby universe, but a mystery that has plagued astronomers for years has been how these systems remain inactive despite having all of the ingredients needed ... more

SwRI scientists discover evidence of ice age at Martian north pole
San Antonio TX (SPX) May 30, 2016 - Using radar data collected by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, a Southwest Research Institute-led team found evidence of an ice age recorded in the polar deposits of Mars. Ice ages on Mars are driven by processes similar to those responsible for ice ages on Earth, that is, long-term cyclical changes in the planet's orbit and tilt, which affect the amount of solar radiation it receives at each ... more

The World's Largest Commercial Drone Conference and Expo - Sept 7-9 - Las Vegas

SpaceX makes fourth successful rocket landing
Miami (AFP) May 27, 2016 - SpaceX launched an Asian communications satellite into a distant orbit Friday and for the fourth time managed to recover the rocket that did the work. Under blue skies dotted with clouds, the shiny white Falcon 9 rocket blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida at 5:40 pm (2140 GMT) carrying the Thaicom 8 satellite. The rocket returned to Earth about 10 minutes later, firing its engines ... more

NASA inflates spare room in space
Washington (AFP) May 28, 2016 - NASA on Saturday successfully expanded and pressurized an add-on room at the International Space Station two days after aborting the first attempt when it ran into problems. The flexible habitat, known as the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM), completed slowly extending 67 inches (170 centimeters) at 4:10 pm (2010 GMT) following more than seven hours during which astronaut Jeff Willi ... more

Antarctic fossils reveal south was not safer during dinosaur extinction
Leeds, UK (SPX) May 27, 2016 - A study of more than 6,000 marine fossils from the Antarctic shows that the mass extinction event that killed the dinosaurs was sudden and just as deadly to life in the polar regions. Previously, scientists had thought that creatures living in the southernmost regions of the planet would have been in a less perilous position during the mass extinction event than those elsewhere on Earth. T ... more

Doubling down on Schrodinger's cat
New Haven CT (SPX) May 30, 2016 - Yale physicists have given Schrodinger's famous cat a second box to play in, and the result may help further the quest for reliable quantum computing. Schrodinger's cat is a well-known paradox that applies the concept of superposition in quantum physics to objects encountered in everyday life. The idea is that a cat is placed in a sealed box with a radioactive source and a poison that will ... more

Could optical clocks redefine the length of a second
Washington DC (SPX) May 30, 2016 - GPS-based navigation, communication systems, electrical power grids and financial networks all rely on the precise time kept by a network of around 500 atomic clocks located around the world. In The Optical Society's journal for high impact research, Optica, researchers present a way to use optical clocks for more accurate timekeeping than is possible with today's system of traditional atomic cl ... more

Cryogenic Buyer's Guide

Engineers discover a new gatekeeper for light
Buffalo NY (SPX) May 30, 2016 - Imagine a device that is selectively transparent to various wavelengths of light at one moment, and opaque to them the next, following a minute adjustment. Such a gatekeeper would enable powerful and unique capabilities in a wide range of electronic, optical and other applications, including those that rely on transistors or other components that switch on and off. In a paper in the journa ... more

Beating the limits of the light microscope, one photon at a time
Fort Collins CO (SPX) May 30, 2016 - The world's most advanced light microscopes allow us to see single molecules, proteins, viruses and other very small biological structures. But even the best microscopes have their limits. Colorado State University scientists are pushing the limits of a technique called super-resolution microscopy, opening potential new pathways to illuminating, for example, individual cell processes in living t ... more

Top-down design brings new DNA structures to life
Tempe AZ (SPX) May 30, 2016 - Among the valuable holdings in London's Wellcome Library is a rough pencil sketch made in 1953 by Francis Crick. The drawing is one of the first to show the double-helix structure of DNA - Nature's blueprint for the design of sea snails, human beings, and every other living form on earth. Few could have predicted however, that DNA's simple properties of self-assembly, and its versatile informati ... more

The next generation of carbon monoxide nanosensors
Washington DC (SPX) May 29, 2016 - The detection of carbon monoxide (CO) in the air is a vital issue, as CO is a poisonous gas and an environmental pollutant. CO typically derives from the incomplete combustion of carbon-based fuels, such as cooking gas and gasoline; it has no odour, taste, or colour and hence it is difficult to detect. Scientists have been investigating sensors that can determine CO concentration, and a team fro ... more

NIST, partners create standard to improve sustainable manufacturing
Washington DC (SPX) May 30, 2016 - Anyone who's ever covered a wall with sticky notes to clearly map all of the steps in a process knows how valuable that exercise can be. It can streamline workflow, increase efficiency and improve the overall quality of the end result. Now, a public-private team led by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has created a new international standard that can "map" the critically ... more

Transition from Operations to Decommissioning by Preparing a Safe, Cost-Effective Shut Down and Waste Management Strategy

Scientists create 'magnetic charge ice'
Argonne IL (SPX) May 30, 2016 - A team of scientists working at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has created a new material, called "rewritable magnetic charge ice," that permits an unprecedented degree of control over local magnetic fields and could pave the way for new computing technologies. The scientists' research report on development of magnetic charge ice is published in the May 2 ... more

China risks 'Great Wall of self-isolation': Pentagon chief
Washington (AFP) May 27, 2016 - China risks creating a "Great Wall of self-isolation" through its continued military expansion in the South China Sea and its hacks on US companies, Pentagon chief Ashton Carter said Friday. Carter's remarks came ahead of his trip next week to an Asian security summit in Singapore, where China's actions in the contested waterway will likely dominate discussions. "China's actions could e ... more

New concept turns battery technology upside-down
Boston MA (SPX) May 30, 2016 - A new approach to the design of a liquid battery, using a passive, gravity-fed arrangement similar to an old-fashioned hourglass, could offer great advantages due to the system's low cost and the simplicity of its design and operation, says a team of MIT researchers who have made a demonstration version of the new battery. Liquid flow batteries - in which the positive and negative electrod ... more

Study: Appalachian coal ash filled with rare earth elements
Raleigh, N.C. (UPI) May 27, 2016 - Of all the coal ash produced in the United States, the waste generated by Appalachian coal operations is the richest in rare earth elements. Researchers from Duke University collected coal ash samples from power plants throughout the United States, including those in the largest coal-producing regions: the Appalachian Mountains; southern and western Illinois; and the Powder River Basin ... more

Mars Webcam goes pro
Paris (ESA) May 30, 2016 - A modest 'webcam' on Mars Express has proven useful for outreach, education and citizen-science. Now ESA have decided to adopt it as a professional science instrument. Mars Express was launched in 2003 with a simple, low-resolution camera to provide visual confirmation that its Beagle 2 lander had separated. Once that was done, the camera was switched off, and the craft got on with its main miss ... more

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