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Top US senator presses Clinton on Iran sanctions
by Staff Writers
Washington (AFP) April 23, 2010

Brazil's Lula confirms Iran trip amid UN sanctions talk
Brasilia (AFP) April 23, 2010 - Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva will visit Iran May 16 and 17, his office confirmed Friday, amid moves in the UN Security Council for sanctions against the Islamic republic over its nuclear program. Brazil is a pivotal opponent on the Security Council to the sanctions resolution being pushed by the United States -- and Lula's trip could occur just after, or around the time of, a UN vote. Lula has repeatedly defended Iran's nuclear activities, saying Tehran has the right to atomic energy. Any sanctions would be counter-productive and ineffective, he says.

The United States, with support from Britain, France and Germany, insists that Iran is in fact hiding ambitions of building a nuclear arsenal behind its civilian program. Russia and China, both of which have veto power over UN resolutions, have been pressed to also vote for sanctions despite their extensive economic ties with Iran. Brazil forms the backbone of resistance on the 15-member Security Council to such a resolution, along with fellow non-veto-wielding temporary members Turkey and Lebanon.

US Vice President Joe Biden said Thursday a UN vote was possible within weeks. "I believe you'll see a sanctions regime coming out by the end of this month, the beginning of next month," he told US television network ABC. Iran is the main stop for Lula on an overseas tour that will begin with stops in Russia on May 13 and 14 and Qatar on May 15, and close with visits to Spain and Portugal on May 18 and 19, according to Brazilian officials. The Brazilian president hosted a visit by his Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Ahmadinejad last year, and was the first leader to congratulate Ahmadinejad on his contested re-election in June 2009. Ahmadinejad, during a visit to Zimbabwe on Thursday, claimed his country was suffering "satanic pressures" and "the hostility of expansionist countries."

Iran suggests it could accept nuclear fuel swap abroad
Tehran (AFP) April 22, 2010 - Iran is ready to consider an exchange of nuclear fuel on foreign soil as proposed by world powers if it gets "guarantees," the country's atomic chief said on Thursday. "Iran is always ready to exchange fuel -- the requirement is to have concrete guarantees," Ali Akbar Salehi was quoted by the state television website as saying. "There are many ways to give Iran concrete guarantees. We can discuss these guarantees during negotiations," he said in response to a question on the possibility that an exchange takes place in a third country such as Turkey. "We are ready to begin negotiations without preconditions," he added, recalling that an "Iranian proposal is on the table."

The United States said Monday it was "still interested" in an offer to swap nuclear fuel with Iran, despite seeking a new set of sanctions against Tehran for its defiant nuclear enrichment programme. Western powers want Iran to halt the programme as they believe it is masking a drive for atomic weapons, a claim vehemently denied by Tehran. Iran has meanwhile said it would talk with the entire UN Security Council in an attempt to break the deadlock over the fuel, which it needs for its nuclear research reactor in Tehran.

The International Atomic Energy Agency proposed in October a plan whereby Iran would hand over its stockpile of low-enriched uranium to Russia for enrichment to the required level of 20 percent. The material would then be processed by France into the necessary fuel rods for the Tehran reactor, that makes radioisotopes for medical purposes such as the treatment of cancer. Citing a "lack of confidence," Tehran rejected the proposal and offered an exchange of fuel simultaneously and in smaller quantities within the borders of country, but the West rejected its counter-offer.

A day after calling Iran a "festering sore," the top US senator on Friday urged Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to work with lawmakers to ensure speedy approval of new sanctions against Tehran.

Democratic Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid also pressed Clinton to patch up strained ties with Israel and help promote direct negotiations between the crucial Middle East ally and the Palestinians.

"I am writing to ask you to work with Congress to quickly complete action on the Iran sanctions legislation and to encourage you to support direct negotiations between the Israelis and Palestinians," he wrote.

The US Senate and House of Representatives have launched discussions to meld their rival versions of legislation to target Iran's gasoline imports in order to force the Islamic republic to freeze its suspect nuclear program.

President Barack Obama's administration has expressed reservations about imposing new US sanctions before trying for a new round of UN sanctions, and over alienating countries that have helped Washington curb Iran's atomic drive.

"While I support the administration's decision to pursue sanctions at the United Nations, I think congressional action can further our mutual goal to halt Iran's nuclear weapons activities," said Reid.

"I look forward to working with you to ensure there are no impediments to swiftly completing this legislation," he told Clinton.

Reid, who represents Nevada, also pressed the top US diplomat to defuse tensions with Israel, urging her to "clearly and unequivocally" restate Washington's support for its ally and "unbreakable bond" with the Jewish state.

"I hope that the Obama administration will do everything possible to reduce recent tensions with Israel while reaffirming the need to move forward with the peace process. I urge you to encourage both sides to participate in direct negotiations," he said.

Iran denies Western charges that it seeks a nuclear arsenal, and has refused to freeze its program of uranium enrichment, which can be a key step towards building an atomic bomb.

earlier related report
China will agree to new UN sanctions against Iran: Biden
Washington (AFP) April 22, 2010 - US Vice President Joe Biden said Thursday that China will sign on to new UN sanctions on Iran, and predicted new measures to punish Tehran's nuclear program could be agreed by the end of this month.

Biden also said in an interview with the ABC program "The View" that Israel would not mount a pre-emptive strike on Iran's nuclear facilities without the permission of the United States.

Washington has been trying to persuade key Security Council member China for months to accept toughened sanctions. Beijing has agreed to join talks at the UN on a toughened regime, but has yet to make its position clear.

But Biden said: "China will agree to sanctions," on "The View" an ABC television show.

"This is the first time the entire world is unified that Iran is out of bounds... they are more isolated than they've ever been, with their own people and within the region."

Biden also gave a more explicit timeline on Iran sanctions than Washington has previously offered.

"I believe you'll see a sanctions regime coming out by the end of this month, the beginning of next month."

China has invested heavily in Iran's energy sector and filled the vacuum left by Western firms that have pulled out in the face of US sanctions and political pressure from US allies against companies doing business with Tehran.

Some of President Barack Obama's critics have argued however that the price for China's support will be watering down the sanctions, which will be far from the "crippling" set of measures that the Obama administration once sought.

Israel and the West accuse Iran of seeking to develop nuclear weapons under the cover of what Tehran insists is an energy program for civilian, not military, purposes.

Hopes that China would join sanctions against Iran rose last week after Obama met Chinese President Hu Jintao on the sidelines of a global nuclear summit in Washington.

Hu's entourage said after the talks that Washington and Beijing shared the "same overall goal" on Iran, after months of US efforts to secure Chinese cooperation on "biting" new sanctions.

Biden also used the appearance on "The View" to state that Israel, which has tense ties with the Obama White House, and which considers Iran an existential threat, would not attack the Islamic republic without US permission.

"They're not going to do that," Biden said.

"They've agreed the next step is the step we -- the president of the United States -- has initiated in conjunction with the European powers, the NATO powers, with what they call the P5+1."

The P5+1 groups the five permanent members of the UN Security Council -- Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States -- plus Germany.

"We're going to continue to keep the pressure on Iran," Biden vowed.

"They are not a monolith," he said about Iran. "They are a fragile government and they're some distance from having that capacity."

He also insisted that President Barack Obama's administration would be successful in preventing Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons.

"The president said our intention is to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear capacity," Biden said. "We believe we'll be able to do that."

The package of new sanctions, already endorsed by Washington's European allies, would include a full arms embargo, a ban on new investments in Iran's energy sector, restrictions on shipping and finance, and sanctions targeting the business interests of Iran's powerful Revolutionary Guards, sources said.

Diplomats say they expect weeks of hard-nosed bargaining before a text -- likely to be toned down to make it palatable to the Chinese and the Russians -- can be brought to a vote by the full 15-member Security Council.


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Outside View: Iran
Washington (UPI) Apr 21, 2010
Iran possessing nuclear weapons is "unacceptable," a warning repeated by many heads of state and senior government officials. The same was said of North Korea although it may have little more than a nuclear device and thus far lacks a means of delivery. So what to do about Iran? The call is for tough sanctions. But sanctions really don't work and will punish Iranians more than th ... read more

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