Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. 24/7 Space News .




TECH SPACE
Study: South Africans used milk-based paint 49,000 years ago
by Brooks Hays
Boulder, Colo. (UPI) Jul 1, 2015


disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

Nearly 50,000 years ago, the people of South Africa used milk- and ochre-based paints to adorn themselves, as well as stones and wooden slabs.

The use of paint dates back 250,000 years, but most ancient paints were derived from plants and minerals. The latest evidence is the earliest example of milk-based ochre pigment in southern Africa. Ochre paints have been discovered in both ancient African villages of the Middle Ages and at concurrent European archaeological sites, but never before with milk used as the binding agent.

Researchers at the University of Colorado who studied remnants of the powdery paint suggest ancient peoples sourced their paint base from hunted milk-producing animals -- members of the bovine family, including buffalo, eland, kudu and impala.

"Although the use of the paint still remains uncertain, this surprising find establishes the use of milk with ochre well before the introduction of domestic cattle in South Africa," lead study author Paola Villa, a curator at the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History, explained in a press release.

Earlier artifacts show the use of plant gum and bone marrow to mix ochre before applying it as body paint or as an affixing agent to secure stone tools to wooden shafts.

"Obtaining milk from a lactating wild bovid also suggests that the people may have attributed a special significance and value to that product," Villa added.

Villa and her colleagues found a stone flake they believe was used by modern humans in the Middle Stone Age to either mix or apply milk- and ochre-based paints. The stone flake was found in Sibudu Cave, a rock shelter in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa's "garden province."

Advanced imaging and high-tech chemical analysis revealed the presence of casein on the stone flake, the main protein in milk. Villa's discovery is detailed in the journal PLOS ONE.

Because many of the indigenous people of South Africa practice body painting, researchers say it's likely the ancient people of the region used milk-based paints to adorn themselves and others.


Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once


credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly


paypal only

.


Related Links
Space Technology News - Applications and Research






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





TECH SPACE
Physicists shatter stubborn mystery of how glass forms
Waterloo, Canada (SPX) Jul 01, 2015
A physicist at the University of Waterloo is among a team of scientists who have described how glasses form at the molecular level and provided a possible solution to a problem that has stumped scientists for decades. Their simple theory is expected to open up the study of glasses to non-experts and undergraduates as well as inspire breakthroughs in novel nano materials. The paper publishe ... read more


TECH SPACE
Russia to Land Space Vessel on Moon's Polar Region in 2019

Moon engulfed in permanent, lopsided dust cloud

Crashing comets may explain mysterious lunar swirls

Google Lunar X-Prize meets Yoda

TECH SPACE
Rover In Good Health After Communication Blackout

Veteran NASA Spacecraft Nears 60,000th Lap Around Mars, No Pit Stops

Scientists find methane in Mars meteorites

NASA Signs Agreements to Advance Agency's Journey to Mars

TECH SPACE
Roadmap to the Stars

Is space tourism travelling faster than space law?

Low-cost airlines boost green travel to the Azores

Robotic Tunneler May Explore Icy Moons

TECH SPACE
Cooperation in satellite technology put Belgium, China to forefront

China's super "eye" to speed up space rendezvous

Electric thruster propels China's interstellar ambitions

China Plans First Ever Landing On The Lunar Far Side

TECH SPACE
Russia Confirms Elimination of US On-Board Computer Failure at ISS

Curtiss-Wright Awarded Contract By The European Space Agency

Russia's Vostochny Cosmodrome Receives First Telemetry From ISS

Russian, US Scientists to Cooperate in Space Exploration Despite Sanctions

TECH SPACE
SpaceX rocket explodes after launch

What cargo was lost in the SpaceX explosion?

Garvey Spacecraft selects Pacific Spaceport Complex

Sentinel-2A satellite ready for Launch from Kourou

TECH SPACE
Can Planets Be Rejuvenated Around Dead Stars?

Spiral arms cradle baby terrestrial planets

Supercomputer model shows planet making waves in nearby debris disk

Hubble sees a 'behemoth' bleeding atmosphere around a warm exoplanet

TECH SPACE
Study: South Africans used milk-based paint 49,000 years ago

Helium 'balloons' offer new path to control complex materials

Effective conversion of methane by a new copper zeolite

Physicists shatter stubborn mystery of how glass forms




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement All images and articles appearing on Space Media Network have been edited or digitally altered in some way. Any requests to remove copyright material will be acted upon in a timely and appropriate manner. Any attempt to extort money from Space Media Network will be ignored and reported to Australian Law Enforcement Agencies as a potential case of financial fraud involving the use of a telephonic carriage device or postal service.