Free Newsletters - Space - Defense - Environment - Energy - Solar - Nuclear
..
. 24/7 Space News .




CLIMATE SCIENCE
Study: Nearly too late to cap warming
by Staff Writers
Canberra, Australia (UPI) Dec 3, 2012


Rich world must repair climate damage: NGOs
Doha (AFP) Dec 3, 2012 - Dozens of NGOs urged the rich world Monday to repair the harm it has done to poor countries through global warming, saying the issue risked becoming "the biggest social injustice of our time."

In an open letter to cabinet ministers heading to UN climate talks in Doha, Qatar, more than 40 civil society groupings called on governments to create a "mechanism for compensation and rehabilitation."

"Poor countries and communities least responsible for the global climate crisis are also the most vulnerable," said the document that claims to speak on behalf of more than a million people concerned by climate change.

"Given historic inaction by developed countries, we are heading towards the biggest social injustice of our time."

The letter was signed by bodies like the WWF, Greenpeace, Oxfam and ActionAid and issued mid-way through UN climate talks straining to come to an agreement on extending the Kyoto Protocol on curbing Earth-warming greenhouse gas emissions and helping poorer countries.

"The past 12 months have provided some of the starkest indicators that climate impacts are unfolding much faster than previously modelled. This year has seen an increasing number of severe floods and droughts and dramatic melting of Arctic sea ice -- all cause for alarm," said the letter.

"In spite of these realities, political leaders are still failing to act with sufficient ambition" or to help developing countries adapt.

The developing world, responsible for the bulk of man-made climate change since the industrial era, must urgently cut greenhouse gas emissions, help poorer nations adapt, and repair the loss and damage they suffered, said the letter.

It may be too late to cap global warming at 3.6 degrees, scientists allied with an Australian research group say, as heat-trapping emissions hit a record high.

"An immediate, large and sustained global mitigation effort" will need to begin if the world has any hope of achieving a 2009 agreement by nearly 200 nations to limit future temperature increases to 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit, or 2 degrees Celsius, biologist and Global Carbon Project Executive Director Josep Canadell said in a statement.

The 2009 agreement was reached at a U.N. Climate Change Conference in Denmark commonly known as the Copenhagen Summit.

Delegates starting a second week of negotiations at a U.N. climate conference in Doha, Qatar, are trying to find ways of reaching that target, but so far report no success.

Canadell's remarks echoed those of State of the World Forum President Jim Garrison, who told United Press International ahead of a "climate leadership" conference before Copenhagen, "If we don't completely rethink and radically accelerate the plans to reverse global warming, we will, in all likelihood, create catastrophic climate change in our lifetime."

Overall global emissions jumped 3 percent in 2011 and are predicted to jump 2.6 percent this year, researchers from the Global Carbon Project and Britain's Tyndall Center for Climate Change Research reported Sunday in the journal Nature Climate Change.

Their research data from the U.S., Australian, British, French and Norwegian scientists were also published in the journal Earth System Science Data Discussions.

This year's projected 2.6 percent rise would mean global fossil-fuel emissions are 58 percent higher than 1990 levels, the baseline year used by the United Nations' 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which set binding obligations on the industrialized countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

The protocol has been signed and ratified by 191 countries. The only country to have signed it but not ratified it is the United States.

U.N. member states that did not ratify the protocol are Afghanistan, Andorra and South Sudan. Canada withdrew from the Protocol a year ago.

The average temperature of the Earth's surface increased about 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit, or 0.8 degrees Celsius, over the past 100 years, with about two-thirds of the increase occurring since 1980, the U.S. National Research Council reported last year.

If emissions continue growing at an average annual 3.1 percent, as they have since 2000, the global mean temperature is likely to rise more than 9 degrees Fahrenheit, or more 5 degrees Celsius, by 2100, the Global Carbon Project-Tyndall Center study forecast.

The study found 2011's biggest contributors to global emissions were China at 28 percent, the United States at 16 percent, the European Union at 11 percent and India at 7 percent.

China's emissions increased 9.9 percent and India's grew 7.5 percent, the study found, while U.S. and EU emissions decreased 1.8 percent and 2.8 percent, respectively.

The U.S. decrease appears to be partly due to economic weakness and transferring some manufacturing to developing countries, The New York Times said.

The study, "The Challenge to Keep Global Warming Below 2 Degrees Celsius," said carbon dioxide emissions were slowed briefly around 2009 by the global financial crisis.

The U.S. decrease also appears to reflect conscious U.S. states' efforts to limit emissions, as well as a boom in the natural gas supply from induced hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as hydrofracking or simply fracking, the newspaper said.

Natural gas, which is mostly methane, is replacing coal at many U.S. power stations, leading to lower emissions.

At the same time, coal usage is growing fastest globally, with coal-related emissions leaping more than 5 percent in 2011 from 2010, the study said.

Coal is the most carbon-intensive fossil fuel, producing hundreds of millions of tons of solid waste a year, including various types of ash and sludge found to contain mercury, uranium, thorium, arsenic and other heavy metals.

.


Related Links
Climate Science News - Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





CLIMATE SCIENCE
Climate talks deadlocked as countdown starts for final week
Doha (AFP) Dec 3, 2012
UN climate negotiators bickered in Doha on Monday over cash and commitments needed to curb Earth-warming greenhouse gases, even as fresh alarm bells were rung about the perils the planet faces. Halfway through 11-day talks, nearly 200 nations remained far apart on issues vital for unlocking a global deal on climate change, said delegates at the talks in Qatar's capital. Poor countries we ... read more


CLIMATE SCIENCE
China's Chang'e-3 to land on moon next year

Moon crater yields impact clues

Study: Moon basin formed by giant impact

NASA's LADEE Spacecraft Gets Final Science Instrument Installed

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Opportunity Gets To Work On Interesting Rock

Regional Dust Storm Dissipating

One Year After Launch, Curiosity Rover Busy on Mars

Fostering Curiosity: Mars Express relays rocky images

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Why Study Plants in Space?

Who's Killing the Space Program?

Fly me to the universe

UK Secures Billion Pound Package For Space Investment

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Mr Xi in Space

China plans manned space launch in 2013: state media

China to launch manned spacecraft

Tiangong 1 Parked And Waiting As Shenzhou 10 Mission Prep Continues

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Spacewalks on agenda for new space crew

NASA, Roscosmos Assign Veteran Crew to Yearlong Space Station Mission

Three ISS crew return to Earth in Russian capsule

Station Crew Off Duty After Undocking

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Japan Schedules Radar Satellite Launch

Arianespace ready for next Soyuz and Ariane missions

Who will challenge Dragon? Dragon spaceship postponed until March

South Korean rocket launch suspended

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Astronomers report startling find on planet formation

A Sky Full of Planets

Low-mass planets make good neighbours for debris discs

Dust Grains Highlight the Path to Planet Formation

CLIMATE SCIENCE
The music of the silks

NASA Technologists Test 'Game-Changing' Data-Processing Technology

UTC Aerospace Systems Selects Headwall Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor For SYERS-2 Program

Samsung launches new Internet-connected camera




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement