Free Newsletters - Space - Defense - Environment - Energy - Solar - Nuclear
..
. 24/7 Space News .




WATER WORLD
Study: Fracking, agriculture are on water demand 'collision course'
by Staff Writers
Boston (UPI) Feb 7, 2013


disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is increasing competitive pressures for water in some of the most water-stressed and drought-ridden U.S. regions, a study indicated.

Fracking involves massive amounts of water, sand and chemicals injected at high pressure to fracture rock and release stored gas. The technique has unleashed a U.S. oil and gas boom.

The study by Ceres -- an investor group based in Boston that focuses on sustainability issues -- is based on water use data from 39,294 oil and gas wells reported to FracFocus.org from January 2011 through May 2013 and water stress indicator maps developed by the World Resources Institute.

More than 55 percent of the wells were in areas experiencing drought and more than 36 percent overlay regions experiencing groundwater depletion, Ceres said in a news release Wednesday announcing its "Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Stress: Water Demand by the Numbers" report.

"Barring stiffer water-use regulations and improved on-the-ground practices, the industry's water needs in many regions are on a collision course with other water users, especially agriculture and municipal water use," Ceres President Mindy Lubber said in the release.

"Investors and banks providing capital for hydraulic fracturing should be recognizing these water sourcing risks and pressing oil and gas companies on their strategies for dealing with them," Lubber said.

The report referred to Texas as "ground zero" for water availability risks, with fracking-related water use projected to double over the next decade. That growth comes as much of the state faces severe drought conditions.

Ceres said the state's Eagle Ford shale play had the highest water use for fracking among all shale play or basin in the country -- 19.2 billion gallons in the study's 18-month period -- and faces some of the biggest water challenges nationally.

A report in the San Antonio Express-News Wednesday cited a recent investigation by the newspaper revealing that hydraulic fracturing used more than 14 billion gallons of water in the Eagle Ford in 2012. It noted that a widely cited University of Texas at Austin study -- which it says was funded by the oil and gas industry -- had predicted hydraulic fracturing in the Eagle Ford would use a maximum of around 35,000 acre-feet of water annually.

Ceres says in its report that in 97 percent of wells in Colorado and 96 percent of wells in drought-stricken California were in regions with high or extremely high water stress.

"Groundwater is simply not as plentiful as it used to be. We now recognize many competing uses -- domestic, agricultural, for energy production and for the environment," said Jay Famiglietti, professor and director Earth System Science, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Irvine, in the release.

Ceres called on shale energy operators to disclose to regulators, investors and other stakeholders the total water volumes and sources used in each shale play, future sourcing needs as well as plans for reducing water use.

.


Related Links
Water News - Science, Technology and Politics






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





WATER WORLD
Ranchers pray for rain in drought-hit California
Delano, United States (AFP) Feb 06, 2014
Californian rancher Nathan Carver squints as he surveys the parched fields where his family has raised cattle for five generations. Normally, they would be covered in lush green grass. But the western US state's worst drought in decades has reduced the land to a moonscape, leaving the 55-year-old father-of-four praying for rain. "My grandparents tell of the Dust Bowl years in the late ... read more


WATER WORLD
NASA Extends Moon Exploring Satellite Mission

NASA's LRO Snaps a Picture of NASA's LADEE Spacecraft

Sole camera from NASA moon missions to be auctioned

New results on the geologic characteristics of the Chang'e-3 exploration region

WATER WORLD
MAVEN on Track to Carry Out its Science Mission

NASA Mars Orbiter Examines Dramatic New Crater

Russia proposes water-hunting instrument for future Mars rover

Work on Mystery Rock Continues As Rover Marks 10

WATER WORLD
New scientific field looks at the big picture

Future interplanetary spacecraft to be equipped with 'plantations'

Russian Space Farmers Harvest Wheat, Peas and Greens

FAA Grants Waypoint 2 Space Safety Approval Of Training Programs

WATER WORLD
Moon plays trick on Jade Rabbit

Waiting for Yutu

'Goodnight, humans': Says Yutu As The Sun Sets

Extra Time for Tiangong

WATER WORLD
NASA Selects Physical Science Research Proposals for the ISS

Russian Cargo Craft Departure Clears Way for Next Delivery

NASA Extends Reliance on Russian Spacecraft Until 2018

British firm says its space station cameras to provide Web images

WATER WORLD
The go-ahead is given for Arianespace's February 6 flight with Ariane 5

SpaceX's next cargo mission to space station is Mar 16

Both payloads for Arianespace's next Ariane 5 flight are mated to the launcher

45th Space Wing Supports NASA Launch

WATER WORLD
One planet, two stars: new research shows how circumbinary planets form

First Weather Map of Brown Dwarf

NASA-Sponsored 'Disk Detective' Lets Public Search for New Planetary Nurseries

Astronomers create first map of weather on nearby brown dwarf star

WATER WORLD
Amazon buys videogame studio Double Helix

Diagnosis just a breath away with new laser

A Proposal For The Space Debris Society

Google mystery barge may be homeless




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement