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RUSSIAN SPACE
Russian rockets readied for South America launch
by Staff Writers
Moscow (AFP) May 21, 2009


The move to French Guiana is a major step for Russia, which has mostly relied on the Baikonur launch pad in Kazakhstan from where the first man-made object and the first astronaut were launched into space.

The maker of Russia's Soyuz rockets said on Thursday it had finished building the first rockets due to be launched from South America pad in cooperation with the European Space Agency.

"The first two rockets are ready. They have got through all the tests and have been placed in the containers in which they will be delivered," said the deputy head of TsSKB-Progress, Sergei Tyulevin, quoted by ITAR-TASS.

The newly updated Soyuz-ST rockets are to be launched from French Guiana, an overseas department of France located on the north coast of South America.

The rockets will be delivered in September and the first launch will take place on December 28, Tyulevin said, following considerable delays in the project.

The move to French Guiana is a major step for Russia, which has mostly relied on the Baikonur launch pad in Kazakhstan from where the first man-made object and the first astronaut were launched into space.

Launching Russian rockets so close to the United States is likely to send a strong message about Russia's continued role in space.

It brings several other advantages for Moscow, including reducing dependence on Baikonur, which has been the subject of periodic disputes with Kazakh authorities.

French Guiana's closeness to the equator also enables heavier payloads as launches can gain extra momentum from the Earth's own spinning motion.

Tyulevin said the company was under contract to produce 10 rockets in total for launch from French Guiana and that four more out of this total would be delivered next year.

The European Space Agency provides two-thirds of the funding for the main launch site on French Guiana, named Kourou.

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