Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. 24/7 Space News .

Russia, Canada trade rival Arctic claims
by Staff Writers
Moscow (AFP) Sept 16, 2010

Canada and Russia on Thursday traded rival claims over the Arctic as their countries eyed energy riches and shipping routes made increasingly accessible by melting Polar ice.

Visiting Canadian Foreign Minister Lawrence Cannon said the aim of his mission to Moscow was to explain his country's new Arctic policy, which includes a greater military presence in the region.

"We will exercise our sovereignty in the Arctic," he told a news conference following talks with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov.

"We are doing so in two ways: First, via a robust presence of Canadian forces but also via the (scientific) equipment that may eventually prove our claim."

But he added: "We do not have the intention to militarise the Arctic."

The two Arctic nations claim the Lomonosov Ridge, a mountain chain running underneath the Arctic, as an extension of their continental shelf.

Both said Thursday that they expect the United Nations to rule on their competing claims.

Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia and the United States are at odds over how to divide up the Arctic seabed, thought to hold 90 billion barrels of oil and 30 percent of the world's untapped gas resources, according to the US Geological Survey.

The five Arctic nations are locked in a tight race to gather evidence to support their claims amid recent reports by US researchers warning global warming could leave the region ice free by 2030.

Canada has until 2013 to submit proof of the validity of its claim to the United Nations, while Lavrov said Russia was gathering additional evidence to bolster a claim submitted in 2001.

"We will submit our data on the Lomonosov Ridge and we are confident that our case will prevail, backed by scientific evidence," Cannon said.

"Both Russia and Canada respect the United Nations and the UN Convention on the Law of the Seas."

Lavrov meanwhile was quick to warn that while Moscow would defer to the UN, another international organisation -- the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) -- had no right to mediate disputing Arctic claims.

"I don't think that NATO will act correctly if it takes on the role of deciding who and how to resolve problems in the Arctic," he said. "The (UN) commission will have to decide who is right and who is wrong."

NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen has said the security alliance should be used as a forum to address Arctic challenges and warned the melting of Polar ice risked inflaming regional tensions.

Russia's opposition to the eastward expansion of NATO, a security group established after World War II as a balance against the Communist Warsaw Pact countries, slowed its efforts to resolve a 40-year row over its Arctic border with Norway.

Lavrov said the signing this week of an accord with Norway delineating the two nations' borders in a maritime area straddling their economic zones in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean was proof the countries could do without NATO on the issue.

Russia had alarmed its Arctic neighbours when it planted a flag on the ocean floor under the North Pole in 2007 in a symbolic staking of its claim over the region.

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea stipulates that any coastal state can claim undersea territory 200 nautical miles from their shoreline and exploit the natural resources within that zone.


Related Links
Beyond the Ice Age

Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

Fuel tanker runs aground in Canadian Arctic: coast guard
Ottawa (AFP) Sept 2, 2010
A fuel tanker has run aground in Canada's far north, carrying nine million litres (2.4 million gallons) of diesel fuel that risk spilling into the Arctic waters, the Canadian Coast Guard said Thursday. A coast guard spokesman told AFP no leaks from the tanker had yet been detected in the pristine waters. The ship struck a sandbar in the famed Northwest Passage, southwest of the town of G ... read more

Observe The Moon Night Goes Global

NASA's LRO Exposes Moon's Complex And Turbulent Youth

Moon's Craters Give New Clues To Early Solar System Bombardment

Next Step For ESA's First Moon Lander

NASA tests (cramped) Mars-type rovers in Arizona desert

Team Restoring Mars Orbiter After Reboot

Strong Robotic Arm Extends From Next Mars Rover

105 Days In Isolation - And Counting - For 400 More

Cyborgs Needed For Escape From Earth

Boeing inks deal to put tourists in space by 2015

Boeing And Space Adventures To Offer Commercial Spaceflight Opportunities

OS/COMET To Be Used On Orion CEV Project

China's Second Lunar Probe Chang'e-2 To Reach Lunar Orbit Faster Than Chang'e-1

China Finishes Construction Of First Unmanned Space Module

China Contributes To Space-Based Information Access A Lot

China Sends Research Satellite Into Space

Russian Mission Control Set To Readjust ISS Orbit

Boeing wins billion dollar NASA extension

NASA Opens Space Station For Biological Research From NIH Grants

Russian cargo vessel docks at International Space Station

Sirius XM-5 Satellite Delivered To Baikonur For October Launch

Emerging Technologies May Fuel Revolutionary Launcher

EUMETSAT Chooses Arianespace To Launch Metop-C

Falcon 1e Launch Capabilities Brought To The European Institutional Market

This Planet Smells Funny

Scientists looking to spot alien oceans

Deadly Tides Mean Early Exit For Hot Jupiters

Can We Spot Volcanoes On Alien Worlds

Samsung takes aim at Apple's iPad, iTunes

Rogue satellite still 'talking'

ARTEMIS - The First Earth-Moon Libration Orbiter

Asia defies global newspaper meltdown

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement