Free Newsletters - Space News - Defense Alert - Environment Report - Energy Monitor
. 24/7 Space News .




SPACE MEDICINE
NASA Prepares For International Space Biology Research Mission
by Ruth Dasso Marlaire for Ames Research Center
Moffett Field CA (SPX) Apr 30, 2013


The goal of the current Bion-M1 mission is to build on the knowledge of previous space biology missions by extending the duration of the orbital mission to 30 days and by applying more modern and advanced technologies to answer the key questions of each study.

NASA and the Russian Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, are collaborating on a space biology mission aboard an unmanned Russian biosatellite to understand better the mechanisms of how life adapts to microgravity and then readapts to gravity on Earth. NASA will participate in the post-flight analysis of rodents flown for 30 days on the biosatellite, Bion-M1, which launched April 19 from Baikonur, Kazakhstan.

Spaceflight is known to have effects on biological systems ranging from the structure and function of individual cells, to the whole organism.

To investigate these effects, NASA researchers will study the cellular mechanisms responsible for spaceflight-induced changes on tissues and cell growth in mice, including muscle, bone and the cardiovascular and reproductive systems.

They also will study behavioral effects in gerbils. Forty-five mice and eight gerbils will live in low-Earth orbit for 30 days aboard the Bion spacecraft before returning to Earth.

"These scientific findings will help us better understand the mechanisms of life's response to gravity, shedding light on Earth-bound medical issues and also the development of countermeasures for human space travelers through the use of model biological systems," said Nicole Rayl, Bion mission project manager at NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif.

Until now, the majority of mouse studies in space have occurred on missions flown during the space shuttle era. Typically, those missions lasted no longer than two weeks.

The goal of the current Bion-M1 mission is to build on the knowledge of previous space biology missions by extending the duration of the orbital mission to 30 days and by applying more modern and advanced technologies to answer the key questions of each study.

Scientific investigations were selected to analyze more fully entire biological systems. This broad range of investigations allows a unique opportunity to advance the knowledge and data available about how spaceflight affects an entire living organism.

Nine U.S. principal investigators were selected through the NASA Research Announcement process to collaborate and participate in this mission. They will study the effects of space travel on multiple tissues, such as blood vessels, spine, knee and elbow joints and the gravity-sensing structures of the inner ear that - on Earth - allow us to distinguish up from down and maintain our balance as we walk.

U.S. and Russian investigators will conduct the experiments on a cooperative basis. Each researcher brings unique expertise to the program. The joint research effort offers the advantages of scientific and cost sharing between U.S. and Russian collaborators.

The scientific goals are shared collectively by participating scientists, and the scientific findings will be distributed globally.

The nine U.S. principal investigators participating in the Bion-M1 mission will study the effects of space travel on tissues, organ systems and behavior of rodents that spend one month in space. This includes: inner ear balance mechanisms (Larry Hoffman, Ph.D., Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles); organization of tendon-to-bone insertions (Stavros Thomopoulos, Ph.D., Washington University in St. Louis); health of knee and elbow articular cartilage (David Fitzgerald, Ph.D., Oregon Health and Science University, Portland); arterial vascular structure and function in a wide range of vascular beds (Michael Delp, Ph.D., University of Florida, Gainesville); intervertebral spinal disc morphology (Alan R. Hargens, Ph.D., University of California, San Diego); male reproductive health (Joseph S. Tash, Ph.D., University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City); growth and regenerative health of a broad range of mammalian tissues (Eduardo Almeida, Ph.D., Space Biosciences Division at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif.); cellular and molecular function of salivary tissues (Maija Mednieks, Ph.D., University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington); and in-flight behavior and post-landing recovery of posture and movement (Jeffrey Alberts, Ph.D., Indiana University, Bloomington).
.


Related Links
Bion-M1 at ARC
Space Medicine Technology and Systems






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





SPACE MEDICINE
NASA Prepares For International Space Biology Research Mission
Moffett Field, CA (SPX) Apr 26, 2013
NASA and the Russian Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, are collaborating on a space biology mission aboard an unmanned Russian biosatellite to understand better the mechanisms of how life adapts to microgravity and then readapts to gravity on Earth. NASA will participate in the post-flight analysis of rodents flown for 30 days on the biosatellite, Bion-M1, which launched April 19 from Ba ... read more


SPACE MEDICINE
Characterizing The Lunar Radiation Environment

Russia rekindles Moon exploration program, intends setting up first human outposts there

Pre-existing mineralogy may survive lunar impacts

Lunar cycle determines hunting behaviour of nocturnal gulls

SPACE MEDICINE
Dutch reality show seeks one-way astronauts for Mars

Accurate pointing by Curiosity

NASA Mars Orbiter Images May Show 1971 Soviet Lander

Opportunity is in position for solar conjunction at 'Cape York' on the rim of Endeavour Crater

SPACE MEDICINE
NASA's Chief Defends Commercial Spaceflight Agreements

NASA Invites the Public to Fly Along with Voyager

Google's Brin keeps spotlight on future technologies

Mysterious water on Jupiter came from comet smash

SPACE MEDICINE
Yuanwang III, VI depart for space-tracking missions

Shenzhou's Shadow Crew

Shenzhou 10 sent to launch site

China's Next Women Astronauts

SPACE MEDICINE
Cargo spaceship docks with ISS despite antenna mishap

ISS Communications Test Bed Checks Out; Experiments Begin

Spacewalkers Deploy Plasma Experiment, Install Navigational Aid

The New and Improved ISS Facilities Brochure

SPACE MEDICINE
O3b Networks' first four satellites arrive for the next Arianespace Soyuz launch

On the record with... Stephane Israel, Arianespace Chairman and CEO

Vega's three-satellite payload is integrated and ready for launch

NASA Seeks Innovative Suborbital Flight Technology Proposals

SPACE MEDICINE
Astronomer studies far-off worlds through 'characterization by proxy'

Mysterious Hot Spots Observed In A Cool Red Supergiant

Orbital Selected By NASA for TESS Astrophysics Satellite

Star-and Planet-Forming Regions May Hold Key to Life's Chirality

SPACE MEDICINE
NASA, Partners Solicit Creative Materials Manufacturing Solutions

Vaterite: Crystal within a crystal helps resolve an old puzzle

Space debris problem now urgent - scientists

Nothing Bugs These NASA Aeronautical Researchers




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement