Free Newsletters - Space - Defense - Environment - Energy - Solar - Nuclear
..
. 24/7 Space News .




WATER WORLD
Libya's beleaguered government faces water threat
by Staff Writers
Tripoli, Libya (UPI) Sep 12, 2013


disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

Libya's fragile government, grappling with marauding militias that have virtually shut down the country's vital oil industry, has another big problem in its struggle to impose control -- water supplies.

Militants loyal to the late Moammar Gadhafi seized control of the Great Man-Made River, a $33 billion project that taps a vast acquifer under the Sahara desert to supply the entire country, Sept. 3.

They did so to secure the release of the daughter of Gadhafi's former spy chief, Abdullah al-Senussi, who's scheduled to stand trial for crimes committed during Libya's eight-month civil war in 2011 that toppled Gadhafi.

What made it doubly embarrassing for the government was that Anoud al-Sanussi, 22, was snatched Sept. 2 in an ambush in the capital by elite forces as police escorted her to the airport to board a flight to Sebha, hundreds of miles south of Tripoli, to join relatives there.

The government of Prime Minister Ali Zeidan settled the issue and restored control of the water supplies by the end of last week after Senussi's daughter was released unharmed Sunday.

She had been seized less than 100 yards from Tripoli's al-Rayoumi where she had served a 10-month sentence for entering Libya with a forged passport in October 2012.

The group that abducted her, the First Special Reinforcement Unit, is under the command of the Supreme Security Committee established by the Interior Ministry.

Many of its personnel fought against the regime and helped depose Gadhafi. They said the grabbed Senussi "for her own protection."

The ease with which the militants seized a key pumping station in the southern Libyan desert underlined the vulnerability of the vast water system, arguably the crowning glory of Gadhafi's harsh 42-year rule, and other essential infrastructure.

Water Resources Minister Alhadi Suleiman Hinshir, who flew south to negotiate with the militants, said Tuesday it will take several days before the system will be able to pump at the pre-attack rate of 45.8 million cubic feet of water per day to Tripoli.

The current flow is around 7 million cubic feet a day.

The capital, with a population of about 3 million, depends on the Great Man-Made River, or GMMR, and related infrastructure for its fresh water.

The problem for Zeidan's government is that much of the system passes through regions controlled by armed groups hostile to Tripoli. This, the U.S. private global intelligence consultancy Stratfor observed, "is a challenge that post-Gadhafi authorities have not been able to fully address."

The militants who seized the pumping station on the western branch of the GMMR in the Sebha region were from the Magraha tribal grouping, which is loyal to the Senussis.

They stormed the facility at Shuwair, which is reportedly guarded by their clansmen, rather than the main pumping station at Jebel al-Hasauna in the Gera region because it is well protected.

This isn't the first time the GMMR has been targeted.

In September 2011, toward the end of the Libyan conflict, Gadhafi's retreating loyalists cut off water supplies to Tripoli, then held by rebel forces who were battling to gain control of the strategic southern water-producing centers. Overcoming that water crisis was a major challenge for the rebels' National Transitional Council, as it is today for Zeidan's government.

For a time, Gadhafi's loyalists held two cities that control the water supplies from the GMMR, Sirte, Gadhafi's hometown on the Mediterranean coast in the north, and Sebha in the south. They were eventually overcome, but Zeidan's government has not been able to secure the water system sufficiently since Gadhafi's ouster, underlining just how chaotic things are Libya and are likely to remain so for some time.

The GMMR was hailed an engineering masterpiece when it was completed in the 1990s after more than a decade of construction. Before the war, it provided 175.6 million cubic feet of water a day for cities on the coast where most of Libya's 6.5 million people live.

The system tapped into the vast underground Nubian Sandstone Aquifer, the largest in the world, which was discovered in the mid-1950s by Western oilmen.

It covers 772,000 square miles at a depth of 1,600-2,500 feet under the desert. The water is carried through a network of gigantic concrete tunnels about 3,125 miles long and buried 10-12 feet under the sand.

.


Related Links
Water News - Science, Technology and Politics






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





WATER WORLD
Water-purification plant the size of a fast-food ketchup packet saves lives
Indianapolis IN (SPX) Sep 13, 2013
An ambitious partnership among more than 100 organizations and governments led by Procter and Gamble's (P and G's) nonprofit program, Children's Safe Drinking Water (CSDW), has helped provide more than 6 billion quarts of clean drinking water to families in developing countries, saving an estimated 32,000 lives. And they're just getting started. CSDW Manager Allison Tummon Kamphuis, R.N., ... read more


WATER WORLD
Scientists say water on moon may have originated on Earth

Moon landing mission to use "secret weapons"

NASA launches spacecraft to study Moon atmosphere

NASA-Funded Scientists Detect Water on Moon's Surface that Hints at Water Below

WATER WORLD
Upgrade to Mars rovers could aid discovery on more distant worlds

Investigating 'Coal Island' Rock Outcrop

Terramechanics research aims to keep Mars rovers rolling

New technology could make for smarter planet rovers

WATER WORLD
Elite Group of Young Scientists Embark on DARPA Research Efforts

From Elvis to E.T.? The Voyagers' extraordinary tale

Astronauts prepare for deep space -- by going deep underground

NASA's Voyager first spacecraft to exit solar system

WATER WORLD
China civilian technology satellites put into use

China to launch lunar lander by end of year: media

China launches three experimental satellites

Medical quarantine over for Shenzhou-10 astronauts

WATER WORLD
ISS Releases a White Stork and Awaits a Swan

Three astronauts back on Earth from ISS: mission control

ISS Crew Completes Spacewalk Preps

Russian cosmonaut set for space station mission resigns

WATER WORLD
Russian space official denies report of problem in Soyuz return

Lockheed Martin Atlas V To Launch Morelos-3 ComSat

Japan sets new date for satellite rocket launch

Arianespace delivers! EUTELSAT 25B/Es'hail 1 and GSAT-7 are orbited by Ariane 5

WATER WORLD
Coldest Brown Dwarfs Blur Lines between Stars and Planets

NASA-funded Program Helps Amateur Astronomers Detect Alien Worlds

Observations strongly suggest distant super-Earth has water atmosphere

Waking up to a new year

WATER WORLD
First laser-like X-ray light from a solid

Space's 'Ferrari' set to fall to Earth

Chinese-built Bolivian satellite tested in space simulator

Indiana Jones meets George Jetson




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement