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Japan, US to discuss revising defence guidelines
by Staff Writers
Tokyo (AFP) Nov 10, 2012


China to ramp up development on disputed island
Beijing (AFP) Nov 11, 2012 - China is to ramp up development on a disputed South China Sea island, a local government chief has said, in a move likely to stoke a growing territorial row with its neighbours.

The development of roads, water supply and drainage systems will be stepped-up in the new "capital" city of Sansha on Yongxing, one of the islands that make up the disputed Paracel chain, Luo Baoming, Communist Party secretary of southern Hainan Province told state television on Saturday.

Luo also said steps will also be taken to enforce China's "legal rights" in the region, which includes other island chains which are the subject of competing claims by Asian countries.

Beijing enraged Vietnam and caused concern in Washington when it announced the establishment of a new city and military garrison at Sansha in July.

The island, under the control of Hainan Province, will have administrative control over a region that encompasses not only the Paracels, but Macclesfield Bank, a largely sunken atoll to the east, and the Spratly Islands to the south.

The sovereignty of each remains a matter of dispute.

"To safeguard our legal rights in the South China Sea, we are now coordinating between the relevant departments in order to set a more unified, and efficient law enforcing body," Luo said.

Domestic media reported in August that work had begun on sewage disposal and waste collection facilities for the island's roughly 1,000 residents.

Beijing claims most of the South China Sea, which is home to vital shipping lanes and substantial proven and estimated oil and gas deposits.

Taiwan and ASEAN members the Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei and Malaysia all have rival claims on areas of the sea, while the United States is also watching China's increased assertiveness closely.

The announcement in July that Sansha would be established led to a formal protest being lodged by Vietnam, which said it violates international law.

The Philippines, which is involved in a dispute over the Spratly Islands, summoned the Chinese ambassador to lodge a complaint against the garrison announcement.

Japan and the United States have agreed to discuss updating 15-year-old guidelines on their security alliance in view of China's growing military presence in the region, a Japanese official said.

After meeting high-level US officials, Senior Vice Defense Minister Akihisa Nagashima told Japanese media in Washington Friday (Saturday, Japan time) the two countries had "agreed to deepen Japan-US strategic consultations".

He said the two countries were oriented "in the same direction" on Tokyo's proposal to revise guidelines on Japan-US defence cooperation, which were introduced in 1997 with a focus on possible conflict on the Korean peninsula.

Nagashima was speaking after separate meetings with Deputy Defense Secretary Ashton Carter and Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell.

The agreement comes at a time when state-operated Chinese ships have been spotted loitering in waters near Japan-controlled islands at the centre of a dispute with China and Taiwan, stoking fears of a maritime clash.

Japan's nationalisation in mid-September of some of the islands, known as Senkaku in Japanese and Diaoyu in Chinese, has stoked tensions in the East China Sea, with Japanese coastguard patrol ships chasing away Chinese flotillas.

In Washington the two sides confirmed they would discuss reviewing their defence roles in the face of China's military build-up and its naval expansion, formulating joint plans and promoting joint use of defence bases, Nagashima was quoted as saying.

He said the US had assured him that: "The Obama administration's tendency to place emphasis on Asia will accelerate in its second term."

Japan's Defense Minister Satoshi Morimoto said in Tokyo on Friday that Japan had been proposing to Washington that talks on the guidelines be launched this year.

"The present guidelines were produced when the Korean peninsula was in a tense situation," he told a news conference, recalling a crisis heightened by North Korea's nuclear arms and missile development.

"But the East Asian situation is not limited to the Korean peninsula and there is also the issue of China going to the ocean," said the former diplomat and university professor of security affairs.

"We want to start the process of reviewing the state of the Japan-US alliance once again by taking into consideration the qualitative changes in security risks," Morimoto said.

"After 15 years, there are risks concerning terrorism, outer space, cyberspace, maritime stability and territorial issues."

The recent deployment of US marine corps Osprey transport planes, perceived as unsafe by residents, has heightened anti-US military sentiment on the strategically-vital islands of Okinawa.

The problem has been compounded by the alleged rape of a local woman by two US servicemen and the claimed assault of a schoolboy by another.

Nagashima said US officials had apologised at the Washington meeting for the repeated acts of violence.

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