by Staff Writers
Berlin, Germany (SPX) Jun 26, 2012
Dark energy and dark matter are both fascinating for scientists, yet they remain a mystery. The Euclid space telescope, which is supported with funds from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Space Administration, will assist scientists in their search for these cosmic phenomena. The European Space Agency (ESA) gave the official go-ahead to the project yesterday, 19 June 2012, and the implementation phase will soon begin.
Euclid is scheduled to launch from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana in 2019, atop a Soyuz rocket.
Mapping the Universe with Euclid
Equipped with a 1.2-metre Korsch telescope and two instruments - a visible and infrared spectrometer (VIS) and a near-infrared instrument (NISP), containing a spectrometer and photometer - Euclid will provide an unprecedented view of the Universe.
The telescope will survey about half of the sky, and effectively look back in time up to 10 billion light years. Euclid's main objective is to map the 3D distribution of up to two billion galaxies and the dark matter associated with them.
The data regarding structure and galactic distribution will enable researchers to draw conclusions about the Universe's evolution and the nature of dark energy, dark matter and gravity.
Euclid's transfer phase to the target orbit around the second Sun-Earth Lagrange point, L2, 1.5 million kilometres away, will last approximately 30 days. At this point the spacecraft's orbital period equals that of Earth's, and provides a stable view of the larger Universe. Euclid will be there for six years, streaming data to two ground stations, in the northern and southern hemispheres.
Dark energy and dark matter - the mysterious forces
Its nature is not known, but researchers theorise that it takes the form of an unknown type of elementary particle that contributes to gravity through its mass but interacts weakly with normal matter. And, although, we know that dark energy has an effect on the expansion of the Universe, it is an even greater mystery than dark matter.
Mission involving scientists from across Europe
The German partners are the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (Garching, near Munich), the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (Heidelberg), the University Observatory Munich and the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat Bonn.
The German contributions to the mission, supported by the DLR Space Administration, are funded to a great extent by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology.
Understanding Time and Space
Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.
Neutrons escaping to a parallel world?
London, UK (SPX) Jun 20, 2012
In a paper recently published in EPJ C, researchers hypothesised the existence of mirror particles to explain the anomalous loss of neutrons observed experimentally. The existence of such mirror matter had been suggested in various scientific contexts some time ago, including the search for suitable dark matter candidates. Theoretical physicists Zurab Berezhiani and Fabrizio Nesti from the ... read more
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2012 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement|