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Cybersecurity battle looms after Obama directive
by Staff Writers
Washington (AFP) Feb 13, 2013

'Skills gap' seen in cybercrime fight
London (UPI) Feb 14, 2013 - Britain has made progress on cybersecurity since 2011 but is falling short in producing a new generation of computer experts, a government report warns.

The National Audit Office report released Tuesday said that in the two years since the government approved $1 billion to combat computer crime as part its national Cyber Security Strategy, authorities have prevented the loss of more than $780 million through the detection of compromised credit and debit cards.

But, it warned, there remains a current and future cybersecurity skills gap among British information technology professionals, with the current pipeline of graduates and practitioners unable to meet the demands of a quickly evolving security landscape.

Education officials interviewed by the NAO said it could take up to 20 years to address the skills gap at all levels of education.

The cost of cybercrime to the British economy is estimated to be $28 billion-$42 billion. To help address the challenge, the Cyber Security Strategy was established to help protect government information, systems and networks and to involve the public and private industry in the effort.

That has produced results, the NAO said. In 2012, the public made 46,000 reports of cybercrime, amounting to $457 million worth of attempted fraud.

But the country's ability to stay on top of the cyberthreats is being hampered by a lack of qualified experts.

"A number of government departments commented that the U.K. depended on a small number of highly skilled people to participate in developing international technical standards," the report noted.

Interviewees were also concerned about "a lack of promotion of science and technology subjects at school, resulting in the reported lower uptake of computer science and technology courses by U.K. students," creating a skills gap that could take two decades to close.

Britain's Conservative-Liberal Democratic coalition government says it's working to address this and that it intends to overhaul computer and technology teaching in schools to "make it genuinely about computer science rather than office skills."

"We agree that skills are crucial to cybersecurity, which is why we are investing heavily in research and education through establishing new centers for excellence in cybersecurity research," a government spokeswoman told the BBC.

Chi Onwurah, the opposition Labor Party's Shadow Cabinet minister with responsibility for cybersecurity, said that while there is "some welcome progress" in the NAO report, "there is significant room for improvement in leadership and coordination. This is symptomatic of this government's ad hoc approach."

Ministers, she said, "need to ensure that we have the skills we will need 10 years down the line."

James Lyne, director of technology strategy at the British computer security firm Sophos, told technology journal V3 the government's cyber strategy is hooking some small fish but is facing an overwhelming tide of criminal activity.

"I've been involved in a few cases where fraud websites or operations have been suppressed," he said. "I've undoubtedly noticed an increased responsiveness, clarity of process and willingness for industry and government to work together to make life harder for cyber criminals."

"That said," he added, "we see over 250,000 new pieces of malware a day and a new infected website every few seconds -- so there is clearly a great deal more work to be done."

President Barack Obama's order aimed at ramping up protection from cyberattacks will address only a small portion of threats and sets up a fresh battle in Congress over legislation.

Obama acted this week after two failed attempts in Congress to pass measures to protect critical infrastructure from computer attacks.

US administration officials and lawmakers acknowledge that the order creates no new authority and that legislation is needed to better safeguard networks for key systems such as power grids, banks and air traffic control.

"The executive order is not a substitute for legislation," said General Keith Alexander, head of the National Security Agency and the military's Cyber Command.

"We need legislation and we need it now," Alexander told a gathering Wednesday to discuss the president's order. "From my perspective, the threats are real and growing."

Because most of the networks in question are in private hands, officials say they must rely on voluntary reporting by industry of any cyber threats or attacks. Legislation would be needed to shield businesses from liability when they do report potential malware threats.

Obama, in his annual State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress, said the United States was facing a "rapidly growing threat from cyberattacks."

The president also urged Congress to pass legislation "to give our government a greater capacity to secure our networks and deter attacks."

Senator Jay Rockefeller, co-author of a pending cybersecurity bill, welcomed the executive order and said it "will improve the partnership between the government and the private sector needed to defend our country."

But other lawmakers were miffed that the president acted alone.

Without protections and incentives from legislation, the order "will be ineffective and carry consequences for entities that choose to participate," said House Homeland Security Committee Chairman Michael McCaul said.

Republican Representative Mike Rogers, who heads the House Intelligence Committee, and ranking Democrat Dutch Ruppersberger re-introduced the Cyber Intelligence and Sharing Protection Act (CISPA), a bill that passed the House last year but died in the Senate.

"We are in a cyber war now, and most Americans don't know it," Rogers told a forum.

"And at this point, we're losing. Nation states like China are stealing our intellectual property at a breathtaking pace."

Ruppersberger said he was optimistic about the bill's chances despite the failure in the last Congress, when the White House threatened a veto and the Senate opted for a different course.

"We had our issues with the president last time," Ruppersberger told an audience at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. "We don't agree on everything but we do agree we have to work together."

Cybersecurity legislative efforts failed amid opposition from civil libertarians who claim it could allow too much government snooping and conservatives who say it would create a new bureaucracy.

Ruppersberger argued that in drafting the bill, "we bent over backwards so we don't invade anyone's privacy... the bill does not authorize the government to monitor your computer or read your tweets."

But critics say CISPA still raises civil liberty concerns.

Leslie Harris at the Center for Democracy and Technology said CISPA "remains fundamentally flawed" because "it allows private Internet communications and information of American citizens to go directly to the NSA, a military intelligence agency that operates secretly with little public accountability."

Analysts say it remains unclear whether lawmakers and the White House can break the deadlock and pass legislation offering real protection.

"The US is clearly at a stalemate, with the government floundering in a hotly politicized deadlock with trade lobbies and civil liberties advocates," said Michela Menting, cyber security analyst at ABI Research.

Daniel Castro of the Information Technology & Innovation Foundation said the cybersecurity order may in fact reduce pressure on lawmakers to pass a bill.

"Some people will say this takes care of the problem," he told AFP. "So this lessens the urgency."

But if Congress decides to act, it may be pressed to do so ahead of deadlines to implement the executive order.

"Some form of CISPA has the best chance of passage this year in Congress," said Thomas Billington, who head the cybersecurity media firm Billington CyberSecurity.


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Obama moves to defend infrastructure from cyberattacks
Washington (AFP) Feb 12, 2013
Warning that cyberattacks pose a danger to US security, President Barack Obama signed an executive order on Tuesday designed to better protect critical infrastructure from computer hackers. Obama, in his annual State of the Union speech to a joint session of the US Congress, said the United States is facing a "rapidly growing threat from cyberattacks." "We know hackers steal people's ide ... read more

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