Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. 24/7 Space News .

Subscribe free to our newsletters via your

Horseflies and Meteors

A fiery meteor? No. It's a horse fly. From "That Gunk on your Car: A Unique Guide to Insects of North America."
for NASA Science News
Huntsville AL (SPX) Aug 11, 2004
Splat! There goes another bug on the windshield. Anyone who's ever driven down a country lane has seen it happen. A fast moving car, a cloud of multiplying insects, and a big disgusting mess.

The next time that happens to you, instead of feeling grossed out, try thinking of the experience as an astronomy lesson. Your car is Earth. The bugs are tiny flakes of comet dust. The carnage on your windshield ... it's a meteor shower!

Kids love the analogy: Earth, like a speeding car, races around the Sun sweeping up everything in its path. There are no insects in space, but there are plenty of meteoroids, little flakes of dust from comets and asteroids. They hit Earth's atmosphere--splat!--and disintegrate as fiery streaks of light called meteors.

This week lots of meteors will appear over Earth's northern hemisphere when our planet plows through a dense swarm of dust shed by periodic comet Swift-Tuttle. It's the annual Perseid meteor shower, which peaks on August 11th and 12th.

Coincidentally, many of the meteoroids hitting Earth will be about the size of tiny insects--as small as a flea or a mite. They make vivid streaks across the sky not because they're big, but because they are fast-moving. Perseid meteoroids hit our atmosphere traveling 59 km/s (132,000 mph).

Bugs tend to accumulate on a car's front windshield. Think about it: bugs rarely splat on the rear windshield. They can't fly fast enough to catch a car from behind. Likewise, meteoroids accumulate on the front windshield of Earth.

Earth has a windshield? It's our atmosphere, which protects us from solar wind and comet dust much as a car's windshield protects passengers from wind, rain and bugs. Earth's front windshield is the early morning sky. Earth circles the Sun dawn-side first, scooping up whatever lies on that side of the planet. That's why it's best to look for Perseids just before dawn.

To see the greatest number of Perseids this year, be outside before dawn on Thursday morning, August 12th, when Earth's front windshield is overhead.

Side windows, the ones to the left and right of passengers in cars, are good, too. Zooming down a bug-infested country lane, side windows don't collect many insects. But the ones they do collect are worth examining. Bugs that strike side windows do so at a shallow angle. They leave remarkable streaks, long and colorful.

This also happens to meteors. For example, when the constellation Perseus (the source of the Perseids) hangs low near the horizon, meteors streaming from Perseus will skim the atmosphere horizontally, much like a bug skimming the side window of an automobile. Astronomers call these meteors "Earthgrazers." They tend to be long, slow and colorful.

Look for Perseid Earthgrazers on Wednesday, Aug. 11th, between 8:30 and 10:00 pm.

At that time, around sunset, Perseus will be hanging low in the northeast, perfectly placed to shoot Earthgrazing meteors over your head. Earthgrazers are rare. You might see only one or two, but that may be enough. A breathtaking Earthgrazer is the sort of meteor you're likely to remember years from now. And best of all, there's no gooey residue.

Related Links
Search SpaceDaily
Subscribe To SpaceDaily Express

Perseids To Storm August 11?
Moffett Field CA (SPX) Aug 09, 2004
The Perseid meteor shower, an annual celestial event beloved by millions of skywatchers around the world, returns to the night sky this week near the North Star and the constellation Perseus.

Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once

credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly

paypal only

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2016 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement All images and articles appearing on Space Media Network have been edited or digitally altered in some way. Any requests to remove copyright material will be acted upon in a timely and appropriate manner. Any attempt to extort money from Space Media Network will be ignored and reported to Australian Law Enforcement Agencies as a potential case of financial fraud involving the use of a telephonic carriage device or postal service.