24/7 Space News
China Unveils World's Deepest Underground Lab for Dark Matter Research
The inauguration of the Deep Underground and Ultra-low Radiation Background Facility for Frontier Physics Experiments in China is a remarkable achievement that promises to revolutionize our understanding of dark matter and contribute to the advancement of various scientific disciplines.
China Unveils World's Deepest Underground Lab for Dark Matter Research
by Simon Mansfield
Sydney, Australia (SPX) Dec 08, 2023

A groundbreaking underground laboratory has commenced operations in Southwest China's Sichuan province. The Deep Underground and Ultra-low Radiation Background Facility for Frontier Physics Experiments (DURF) is set to become a hub for cutting-edge scientific investigations, particularly in the pursuit of understanding dark matter.

This major facility, located beneath Jinping Mountain in Sichuan's Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture, reaches an astounding depth of 2,400 meters, establishing itself as the world's deepest and largest underground lab. Scientists are enthusiastic about the opportunities it presents.

The DURF's primary objective is to provide an environment free from interference for researchers studying dark matter, an elusive substance that constitutes a substantial portion of the universe's mass. One of the key advantages of its extreme depth is its ability to shield experiments from cosmic rays, which can disrupt observations.

Yue Qian, a professor at Tsinghua University, emphasized the significance of this location. "Thanks to its location, the DURF is exposed to a tiny flux of cosmic rays, which is only one hundred-millionth of that on the Earth's surface," he stated. This unique feature will greatly enhance the precision of dark matter detection experiments conducted within the facility.

Dark matter remains one of the most enigmatic components of the universe. While visible matter accounts for a mere 5 percent of the cosmos, dark matter and dark energy together constitute the remaining 95 percent. Understanding dark matter is crucial for unraveling the mysteries of the universe's structure and evolution.

The DURF is expected to play a pivotal role in advancing our knowledge in this area. Already, the facility has attracted the attention of ten research teams from leading Chinese universities and institutions, including Tsinghua University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University. These teams are now stationed at the DURF, poised to conduct groundbreaking scientific experiments.

Beyond its significance for particle physics and dark matter research, the DURF is set to become a comprehensive interdisciplinary deep underground scientific research center. It will encompass various scientific disciplines, including nuclear astrophysics and life sciences. Professor Yue Qian believes that the facility will "facilitate the development of China's research in relevant frontier fields."

The DURF's completion marks a significant milestone in China's pursuit of scientific excellence. It is the second phase of the China Jinping Underground Laboratory, a project jointly undertaken by Tsinghua University and the Yalong River Hydropower Development Company Ltd. The first phase of the lab, completed in 2010, has already achieved considerable success in dark matter direct detection experiments, positioning China as a leader in this field.

Based on a Xinhua News Agency article

Related Links
Tsinghua University
Stellar Chemistry, The Universe And All Within It

Subscribe Free To Our Daily Newsletters

The following news reports may link to other Space Media Network websites.
Earth's magnetic field protects life on Earth from radiation
Lowell MA (SPX) Nov 28, 2023
The Earth's magnetic field plays a big role in protecting people from hazardous radiation and geomagnetic activity that could affect satellite communication and the operation of power grids. And it moves. Scientists have studied and tracked the motion of the magnetic poles for centuries. The historical movement of these poles indicates a change in the global geometry of the Earth's magnetic field. It may even indicate the beginning of a field reversal - a "flip" between the north and south magnetic pole ... read more

Axiom Space Chooses AWS to Power IT Infrastructure for Commercial Space Station

Sierra Space's Shooting Star Module Begins Rigorous Testing at NASA Facility

Russian Progress 86 spacecraft lifts off with supplies for ISS

NASA shuttle astronaut, scientist Mary Cleave remembered as 'trailblazer'

Iran hails capsule launch as step towards human spaceflight

Sidus Space and Bechtel join forces for Artemis Mobile Launcher 2

NASA Continues Progress on Artemis III Rocket Adapter with Key Joint Installation

NASA Tests In-Flight Capability of Artemis Moon Rocket Engine

On The Road Again: Sols 4030-4031

MAHLI Marathon: Sols 4025-4027

Farewell, Solar Conjunction 2023: Sols 4023-4024

Was There Life on Mars

CAS Space expands into Guangdong with new rocket engine testing complex

China's Lunar Samples on Display in Macao to Inspire Future Explorers

China Manned Space Agency Delegation Highlights SARs' Role in Space Program

Wenchang Set to Become China's Premier Commercial Space Launch Hub by Next Year

Iridium's New GMDSS Academy to Bolster Safety Training for Maritime Professionals

Embry-Riddle's Innovative Mission Control Lab prepares students for booming space sector

Ovzon and SSC close to sealing satellite communication contract worth $10M

A major boost for space skills and research in North East England

Transforming Waste into Strength: The Graphene Revolution in Concrete Recycling

The Rise of the Virtual Mission

Unlocking the secrets of natural materials

MIT engineers develop a way to determine how the surfaces of materials behave

Ice's crucial role in planet and comet formation mapped by Webb

Can signs of life be detected from Saturn's frigid moon

Discovery of planet too big for its sun throws off solar system formation models

Minimalist or maximalist? The life of a microbe a mile underground

Unwrapping Uranus and its icy moon secrets

Juice burns hard towards first-ever Earth-Moon flyby

Fall into an ice giant's atmosphere

Juno finds Jupiter's winds penetrate in cylindrical layers

Subscribe Free To Our Daily Newsletters


The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2023 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) Statement Our advertisers use various cookies and the like to deliver the best ad banner available at one time. All network advertising suppliers have GDPR policies (Legitimate Interest) that conform with EU regulations for data collection. By using our websites you consent to cookie based advertising. If you do not agree with this then you must stop using the websites from May 25, 2018. Privacy Statement. Additional information can be found here at About Us.