Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. 24/7 Space News .




TECH SPACE
Rare earth metal shortages could hamper deployment of low-carbon energy technologies
by Staff Writers
Paris, France (SPX) Nov 17, 2011


A large-scale deployment of solar energy technologies will require half the current world supply of tellurium and 25% of the supply of indium.

Following the release of a Commission report on critical raw materials in 2010, scientists at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) highlighted in a new report that five metals, essential for manufacturing low-carbon technologies, show a high risk of shortage.

Reasons for this lie in Europe's dependency on imports, increasing global demand, supply concentration and geopolitical issues.

The report recommends actions to prevent shortages and thus allow a smooth implementation of the Commission's Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan, aimed at accelerating the development and deployment of low carbon technologies.

European Commission Vice-President Antonio Tajani, Commissioner for Industry and Entrepreneurship, said: "European companies need to have a secure, affordable and undistorted access to raw materials.

This is essential for industrial competitiveness, innovation and jobs in Europe. Today's report highlights that we are on the right track with our raw materials strategy".

Following the Commission's report on critical raw materials at EU level last year, the JRC has now carried out an in depth analysis of the use of raw materials, especially metals, in the six priority low-carbon energy technologies of the Commission's SET-Plan: nuclear, solar, wind, bio-energy, carbon capture and storage and electricity grids.

The study Critical Metals in Strategic Energy Technologies reveals that five metals commonly used in these technologies - neodymium, dysprosium, indium, tellurium and gallium - show a high risk of shortage.

Europe depends on imports for many of these, for which there is rapidly increasing global demand and limited supply, often concentrated in a few countries with associated political risks.

Furthermore, they are not easily recyclable or substitutable.

A large-scale deployment of solar energy technologies, for example, will require half the current world supply of tellurium and 25% of the supply of indium.

At the same time, the envisaged deployment of wind energy technology in Europe will require large amounts of neodymium and dysprosium, (about 4% of the current global supply each) for permanent magnet generators, which could only be eased if the supply of such metals in the future is increased, which may not be simple.

Virtually the whole European supply of these metals comes from China.

The report considers possible strategies to avoid or mitigate shortage of these metals, including promoting recycling and reuse and looking into substitution by other less critical materials.

Further measures could be alternative technologies and even increasing Europe's primary production, for example by opening new or dormant mines.

Similar studies will be made by the JRC in the near future on other energy technologies that also use strategic metals, such as electric vehicles, electricity storage, lighting and fuel cells.

The report, Critical Metals in Strategic Energy Technologies, can be downloaded from this page.

.


Related Links
European Commission report on critical raw materials
Space Technology News - Applications and Research






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





TECH SPACE
Custom glass bending
Munich, Germany (SPX) Nov 15, 2011
The possible applications for curved glass panels are many and varied - ranging from facades to designer furniture. Researchers have now developed a process which enables the panels to be shaped six times faster and considerably more cost-effectively. Even small batches can be produced economically. At times a shimmering gray, at times more of a greenish color, the glass facades of high-ri ... read more


TECH SPACE
Mystery of the Lunar Ionosphere

Ancient Lunar Dynamo May Explain Magnetized Moon Rocks

Ancient Lunar Dynamo May Explain Magnetized Moon Rocks

Lunar Probe to search for water on Moon

TECH SPACE
'Frustration' in Europe over joint Mars probe: NASA

NASA readies launch of 'dream machine' to Mars

Contact with Russian Mars probe 'unlikely' - expert

Mars explorers will include women, experts say

TECH SPACE
Allianz and International Space Transport Association partner in space tourism industry

US honors astronauts for pioneering space flights

Raytheon and Petrofac Partner to Provide Water Survival Training at NASA

Voyager 2 Completes Switch to Backup Thruster Set

TECH SPACE
New advance in space, new start for China

Why China in space is a blessing to the world

China completes second space docking

China sets up management body for orbiting space lab

TECH SPACE
Soyuz Docks At ISS, Hatch Opened

Soyuz TMA-22 manned transportation spacecraft launched towards ISS

New Crew Launches to Join Expedition 29

Russia sends astronauts back to space after mishaps

TECH SPACE
First Vega launch campaign aims for January liftoff

Air Force Opens Door to Rocket Launch Competition

International Launch Services and Eutelsat Announce Launch of the W3D Satellite in 2013

ILS and Eutelsat Announce Launch of the W3D Satellite in 2013

TECH SPACE
Giant planet ejected from the solar system

Three New Planets and a Mystery Object Discovered Outside Our Solar System

Dwarf planet sized up accurately as it blocks light of faint star

Herschel Finds Oceans of Water in Disk of Nearby Star

TECH SPACE
Samsung to release modified tablet in Germany

Rare earth metal shortages could hamper deployment of low-carbon energy technologies

Hungary likely source of elevated radioactivity levels: IAEA

Hewlett-Packard unveils its first "ultrabook" laptop




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement