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Improving Lithium-Ion Batteries with Nanoscale Research Between UC San Diego and The National Labs
by Staff Writers
San Diego, CA (SPX) Oct 03, 2013


File image.

New research led by an electrical engineer at the University of California, San Diego is aimed at improving lithium-ion batteries through possible new electrode architectures with precise nano-scale designs.

The researchers created nanowires that block diffusion of lithium (Li) across their silicon surface and promote layer-by-layer axial lithiation of the nanowire's germanium core.

Shadi Dayeh, a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering, explained that this work could lead to "an effective way to tailor volume expansion of lithium ion battery electrodes which could potentially minimize their cracking, improve their durability, and perhaps influence how one could think about different electrode architectures."

The research was recently published in the journal Nano Letters in the paper "Tailoring Lithiation Behavior by Interface and Bandgap Engineering at the Nanoscale."

By coating germanium nanowires with silicon, the researchers stopped nearly all surface diffusion of lithium ions into the nanowires.

Instead, lithium diffusion, known as lithiation, occurred layer by layer along the axis of the nanowire. This is in contrast to lithiation from the surface of nanowires not covered with silicon.

"These results demonstrate for the first time that interface and bandgap engineering of electrochemical reactions can be utilized to control the nanoscale ionic transport / insertion paths and thus may be a new tool to define the electrochemical reactions in Li-ion batteries," the researchers write in their Nano Letters paper.

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AllCell Launches Industry's First Stand-Alone Premium E-Bike Battery
Chicago IL (SPX) Sep 20, 2013
AllCell Technologies today announced the launch of the company's new Summit line of lithium-ion e-bike batteries. Unlike other premium batteries that are only available through the purchase of a complete drive train system, the Summit battery is available for purchase as a stand-alone product, expanding options for OEMs, retailers, and consumers. Thanks to a variety of voltage and capacity ... read more


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