Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. 24/7 Space News .




STATION NEWS
Fifth SpaceX Mission Lets the CATS Out on the International Space Station
by Laura Niles for ISS News
Houston TX (SPX) Dec 18, 2014


The Cloud-Aerosol Transport System (CATS) will measure clouds and aerosols in the Earth's atmosphere. It will be mounted externally on the International Space Station. Image courtesy NASA. For a larger version of this image please go here.

Not like cats that you might pet in your lap at night, International Space Station CATS study the atmosphere's plight. CATS and new research including flatworms, wearable technology, an external radiation monitor and tools to use the station as a microbial observatory will head to the orbiting outpost on the fifth SpaceX mission. Additionally, SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft will deliver equipment for human research, physical science and educational activities to the station.

Though CATS does not meow, the Cloud-Aerosol Transport System is a remote-sensing instrument that measures the location, composition and distribution of aerosols - particles that makeup haze, dust, smoke and air pollutants - in the atmosphere. Aerosols can affect weather, climate, airplane safety and human health. CATS measures aerosols using a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) system externally mounted on the station.

With data from CATS, scientists may gain an improved understanding of the structure and evolution of Earth's atmosphere. This could lead to enhancements to spacecraft launch, landing and communications systems. It also may help guide future atmospheric investigations of other planets and help researchers model and predict climate changes on Earth.

Switching from Earth observation studies to biology and biotechnology flying on SpaceX, the Microbial Observatory-1 study examines surface and air samples on the space station to observe which bacteria are present. After a year of collection, the samples will return to Earth for analysis and identification. The investigation helps researchers detect the variety of microbes that survive on the space station and how they change over time.

Scientists gain insight into possible risks to crew health in a confined space through data from Microbial Observatory-1. They can compare data to learn how microbes in space adapt differently than those on Earth. The data from Microbial Observary-1 may provide hints about unknown chemical reactions that occur at the cellular level. This information could be used for antibiotics and antimicrobial agent development.

The Microbial Observatory-1 study also helps scientists develop strategies for the use of -omics technology to screen and identify bacteria in clinical settings. The term -omics refers to a broad area of biological and molecular studies that examine the entire complement of biomolecules, including proteins and genes.

Another biological study, Flatworm Regeneration, investigates the regenerative processes of these animals for detection and repair of complex organ structures.

Flatworms redevelop their cells if damaged and as they age. Observation of these processes in orbit may help engineers develop technology that can reconfigure its own components and energy use in deep space. Scientists also gain knowledge into gravity's effect on tissue regeneration and how wounds heal in space. This insight could influence the development of medicine on Earth with new methods for repairing or restoring damaged tissue from injury or physical impairment.

One of the human health studies aboard Dragon involves wearable technology. Researchers will validate a vest that monitors astronauts' heart rates and breathing patterns during the Wearable Monitoring investigation.

The vest has built-in wires and sensors that work without disturbing the crew members as they sleep. This study helps determine how changes in heart activity relate to astronaut sleep quality. This may help scientists provide strategies to improve crew sleep patterns in space. The wearable technology could simplify sleep pattern monitoring in patients on Earth, as well.

In contrast to the crew's vest for sleep monitoring, the space station will "wear" a specialized dosimeter - a device that measures radiation - on an external area of the Japanese Experiment Module.

The Free-Space Passive Dosimeter for Life-Science Experiment in Space investigation will gather information about space radiation to help manage doses and provide protection to crew members. Researchers may use the data to design new radiation monitoring equipment for astronauts and people who work in medical or industrial areas with potential radiation exposure. This knowledge also may improve design for spacecraft structures that shield internal occupants from radiation.

SpaceX resupply missions such as this one delivering CATS keep orbiting laboratory facilities purring with new technology demonstrations and research. The curiosity of CATS and other researchers may one day achieve breakthroughs not possible on Earth.


Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once


credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly


paypal only

.


Related Links
Cloud-Aerosol Transport System at ISS
Station at NASA
Station and More at Roscosmos
S.P. Korolev RSC Energia
Watch NASA TV via Space.TV
Space Station News at Space-Travel.Com






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





STATION NEWS
OPALS: Light Beams Let Data Rates Soar
Pasadena CA (JPL) Dec 10, 2014
You may know opals as fiery gemstones, but something special called OPALS is floating above us in space. On the International Space Station, the Optical Payload for Lasercomm Science (OPALS) is demonstrating how laser communications can speed up the flow of information between Earth and space, compared to radio signals. "OPALS has shown that space-to-ground laser communications transmissio ... read more


STATION NEWS
Moon Express testing compact lunar lander at Kennedy

UK Plans to Drill Into Moon, Explore Feasibility of Manned Base

Carnegie Mellon Unveils Lunar Rover "Andy"

Why we should mine the moon

STATION NEWS
Spike seen in methane on Mars, but source unknown

Mars Mountain was All Wet

Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars

MAVEN Identifies Links in Chain Leading to Mars Atmospheric Loss

STATION NEWS
NASA Voyager: 'Tsunami Wave' Still Flies Through Interstellar Space

Russia, US to Cooperate on Orion Spacecraft Modernization

France's Accor in strategic alliance with China's Huazhu

From Myth to Legend: Orion Test a Success

STATION NEWS
China's Long March puts satellite in orbit on 200th launch

Countdown to China's new space programs begins

China develops new rocket for manned moon mission: media

Service module of China's returned lunar orbiter reaches L2 point

STATION NEWS
Boeing Covers Groundwork in Second Milestone For Commercial Crew

Orbital says it will complete ISS deliveries by end of 2016

OPALS: Light Beams Let Data Rates Soar

ATV views Space Station as never before

STATION NEWS
2015 to be a busy year, says ISRO chief

ILS Proton launches Yamal-401 satellite marking 400th Proton mission

Russia launches Yamal-401 communication satellite

O3b satellites integrated on Soyuz For Dec 18 Arianespace flight

STATION NEWS
Super-Earth spotted by ground-based telescope, a first

Astronomers spot Pluto-size objects swarming about young sun

Observing Solar System Worlds as if They Were Distant Exoplanets

Finding infant earths and potential life just got easier

STATION NEWS
GaN-based LEDs in harsh radiation environments

New high-entropy alloy light as aluminum, as strong as titanium

Squid supplies blueprint for printable thermoplastics

Composite materials can be designed in a supercomputer virtual lab




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement All images and articles appearing on Space Media Network have been edited or digitally altered in some way. Any requests to remove copyright material will be acted upon in a timely and appropriate manner. Any attempt to extort money from Space Media Network will be ignored and reported to Australian Law Enforcement Agencies as a potential case of financial fraud involving the use of a telephonic carriage device or postal service.