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CLIMATE SCIENCE
Australia abolishes divisive carbon tax
by Staff Writers
Sydney (AFP) July 17, 2014


China to roll out climate policy by early 2015
Berlin (UPI) Jul 16, 2013 - A climate protection plan from Beijing should be finalized by early next year, a director at the National Development and Reform Commission said from Berlin.

China is the world leader in emissions. Beijing says it's readjusted its economic structure in a way that promotes green energy and a low-carbon economy in an effort to combat climate change.

Zie Zhenhua, vice chairman of the NDRC, says the government is working on reports outlining the trajectory of a low-carbon economy.

"We have been developing our climate protection plan for beyond 2020 for a year now," he said Tuesday. "We expect it to be finalized by the first quarter of 2015."

China and the United States signed memorandums of understanding last week that envision a wide range of climate initiatives, though differences remain between both sides in terms of the climate responsibilities of developed and developing countries.

In June, British Energy Secretary Ed Davey said his country stands united with China in plans aimed at reducing emissions and enhancing energy security.

Rep. Upton sees energy as a source of international leverage
Washington (UPI) Jul 16, 2013 - Artificial market barriers are preventing the United States from using energy as a tool for international diplomacy, U.S. Rep. Fred Upton said.

Upton, R-Mich., laid out a five-point platform he says would capitalize on the era of abundance in the U.S. energy sector.

Advancements in drilling technology have unlocked vast amounts of oil and natural gas, putting the country in a leadership position in terms of production of those resources.

"It's a new era of energy abundance, and we need to usher in a new era for energy policy [to match]," Upton told delegates at an energy conference in Washington.

On diplomatic affairs, Upton, chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, said those in the world with the energy have the power to influence global affairs. He pointed to Russian gas supplies for Europe and conflict in Iraq and Libya, two members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, as examples.

We have an opportunity, Upton said, to use energy as a diplomatic tool by ensuring U.S. allies can gain access to U.S. oil and gas reserves rather than being "held hostage" to global instability.

"That means making sure our current laws are not creating artificial barriers to the market and conducting oversight to ensure increased exports do no harm to American consumers," he said Tuesday.

Upton has supported legislation aimed at making it easier to export U.S. natural resources. Crude oil exports are restricted by law and the public's interest must be weighed against gas exports to certain U.S. allies.

Australia on Thursday axed a divisive carbon tax after years of vexed political debate, handing the business-friendly government a victory but prompting critics to label the move a "big step backwards".

The upper house Senate voted 39-32 to scrap the charge, which was imposed by the former Labor government on major polluters from 2012 in a bid to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

It followed days of protracted negotiations with the minor Palmer United Party, which embarrassed the government last week by pulling its crucial support for repeal of the tax at the last minute.

Power-broker Clive Palmer backed the legislation after winning concessions for tougher measures to ensure cuts to electricity and gas prices were passed through to consumers and businesses.

Prime Minister Tony Abbott went to the polls in September with repealing the pollution levy as a central campaign platform, arguing the cost was being passed to consumers, resulting in higher utility bills.

"Scrapping the carbon tax is a foundation of the government's economic action strategy," said Abbott, who once said evidence blaming mankind for climate change was "absolute crap".

"A useless, destructive tax which damaged jobs, which hurt families' cost of living and which didn't actually help the environment is finally gone," he added.

The government must walk a tightrope in the upper house, needing the backing of minor party senators such as those from Palmer's party to get its legislative agenda passed if it cannot secure support from Labor or the Greens.

This includes not only scrapping the carbon tax but the massive spending cuts it has planned to bring the budget under control.

- Taking Australia backwards? -

Abbott's conservative government says dumping the tax would save households Aus$550 a year and strengthen the economy, which is among the world's worst per capita polluters due to its reliance on coal-fired power and mining exports.

Under the carbon tax, the country's biggest polluters, including mining, energy and aviation companies, paid for the emissions they produced, giving them an incentive to reduce them.

The current administration favours a "direct action" plan that includes financial incentives for polluters to increase their energy efficiency.

The Climate Action Tracker, an independent monitor of countries' carbon pledges and actions, has said this method will increase Australia's emissions by 12 percent in 2020 instead of reducing them by five percent from 2000 levels as per its own target.

Michael Raupach, director of the Climate Change Institute at the Australian National University, said repealing the law was "a tragedy, not a triumph".

"It flies in the face of three giant realities: human-induced climate change, the proper role of government as a defender of the common good, and the emerging quiet energy-carbon revolution."

Labor leader Bill Shorten said Abbott had "embarrassed Australians".

"Tony Abbott is taking Australia backwards while the rest of the world is moving forward," he said in a statement.

"All of Australia's major trading partners are taking serious action on climate change, including in our own region."

Greens leader Christine Milne joined Labor in expressing outrage, saying abolishing the tax would make Australia an international "pariah".

"It is a monumental blunder for the nation under a climate-denying prime minister," she said.

"It will make life worse for future generations and make Australia a global pariah."

Abolition of the tax caps years of bitter debate.

Former Labor prime minister Julia Gillard promised voters there would never be a carbon tax under a government she led, and then announced a fixed price on carbon pollution after she won the 2010 election.

The "broken promise" dogged her for years with Abbott's "axe the tax" rhetoric eating away at her government and ultimately paving the way for her toppling as Labor leader by Kevin Rudd.

Big business welcomed the repeal with mining giant BHP Billiton saying the tax had "a detrimental impact on Australia's competitiveness".

But analysts disagreed.

"From the point of view of sensible economic and environmental policy, today's decision is a big step backwards," said Paul Burke, a research fellow at the Crawford School of Pubic Policy at the Australian National University.

"The carbon price was doing its job: reducing emissions and contributing to government revenue."

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CLIMATE SCIENCE
China to roll out climate policy by early 2015
Berlin (UPI) Jul 16, 2013
A climate protection plan from Beijing should be finalized by early next year, a director at the National Development and Reform Commission said from Berlin. China is the world leader in emissions. Beijing says it's readjusted its economic structure in a way that promotes green energy and a low-carbon economy in an effort to combat climate change. Zie Zhenhua, vice chairman of th ... read more


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